Harman Patil (Editor)


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Year 859 (DCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



  • January 15 – Battle of St. Quentin: Frankish forces led by Humfrid defeat King Louis the German at Saint-Quentin (Northern France). Humfrid is enfeoffed with the County of Autun, and appointed Margrave of Burgundy by King Charles the Bald.
  • Summer – The Viking chieftains Hastein and Björn Ironside (a son of Ragnar Lodbrok) begin an expedition, and sail from the Loire River with a fleet of 62 ships, to raid cities and monasteries in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Viking raiders invade the Kingdom of Pamplona (Western Pyrenees), and capture King García Íñiguez I, somewhere in the Andalusian heartland. They extort a ransom, rising to around 70,000 gold dinars.
  • The Russian city of Novgorod is first mentioned in the Sofia chronicles.
  • Winter - The weather is so severe that the Adriatic Sea freezes, and Italy is covered in snow for 100 days.
  • Iberian Peninsula

  • Battle of Albelda: King Ordoño I of Asturias, and his ally García Íñiguez I, defeat the Muslims under Musa ibn Musa al-Qasawi at Albelda.
  • Viking raiders burn the mosques of Seville and Algesiras in al-Andalus (modern Spain).
  • Africa

  • The University of Al Karaouine is founded in Fes (modern Morocco), by Fatima al-Fihri (recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest university in the world).
  • China

  • September 7 – Emperor Xuān Zong (Li Yi) dies after a 13-year reign. He is succeeded by his eldest son Yi Zong, as ruler of the Tang Dynasty.
  • Births

  • Al-Hadi ila'l-Haqq Yahya, Arab political leader (d. 911)
  • Ali ibn Isa al-Jarrah, Muslim vizier (d. 946)
  • Odo I, king of the West Frankish Kingdom (or 860)
  • Rudolph I, king of Burgundy (d. 912)
  • Tannet of Pagan, king of Burma (d. 904)
  • Deaths

  • March 11 – Eulogius, Spanish priest and martyr
  • September 7 – Xuān Zong, emperor of the Tang Dynasty (b. 810)
  • December 13 – Angilbert II, archbishop of Milan
  • Dhul-Nun al-Misri, Egyptian scholar and Sufi (b. 796)
  • Immo, bishop of Noyon (approximate date)
  • Lu Shang, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (b. 789)
  • Máel Gualae, king of Munster (Ireland)
  • References

    859 Wikipedia

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