| 1943-2945; 1960-1965|
| United States|
| United States Air Force|
Intercontinental ballistic missile
World War II (EAME Theater)
The 850th Strategic Missile Squadron (850 SMS) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 44th Strategic Missile Wing, stationed at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.
The 850 SMS was equipped with the HGM-25A Titan I Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), with a mission of nuclear deterrence. The squadron was inactivated as part of the phaseout of the Titan I ICBM on 25 March 1965.
850th Strategic Missile Squadron Wikipedia
Established as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomber squadron in mid-1943; trained under Second Air Force in the northwestern United States. Deployed to European Theater of Operations (ETO) in April 1944; being diverted to VIII Composite Command and attached to a provisional special operations unit in England.
Used long-range B-24s to carry out special operations missions; dropping personnel and supplies to the resistance forces in occupied France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, and Norway.
Relieved from clandestine operations in August 1944 and rejoined former heavy bomber group and re-equipped with B-17 Flying Fortresses. Engaged in strategic bombardment raids over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany, attacking enemy military and industrial targets until the German capitulation in May 1945.
Most of squadron personnel demobilized in Europe, small cadre of personnel returned B-17s to the United States and reformed as a unit in Florida. Programmed for conversion to a B-29 Superfortress heavy bombardment squadron and deployment to Central Pacific Area (CPA) for strategic bombardment raids over the Japanese Home Islands; however never re-equipped and was inactivated after the Japanese Capitulation in November 1945.
Reactivated in 1960 as a HGM-25A Titan I ICBM launch squadron. Squadron was deployed in a 3x3 configuration, which meant a total of nine missiles were divided into three bases. Each missile base had three ICBM missiles ready to launch at any given time. Reassigned from the 28th Bombardment Wing to the newly established 44th Strategic Missile Wing at Ellsworth on 1 January 1962, making the 28th BMW a fully B-52 Stratofortress organization.
On November 19, 1964, Defense Secretary McNamara announced the phase-out of remaining first-generation SM-65 Atlas and Titan I missiles by the end of June 1965. Consequently, the Titan Is of the 850th SMS were removed from alert status on January 4, 1965. The last missile was shipped out on February 12. The Air Force subsequently inactivated the squadron on 25 March.
Missile sites were later sold off to private ownership after demilitarization. Today the remains of the sites are still visible in aerial imagery, in various states of use or abandonment.Constituted 850th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 14 September 1943
Activated on 1 October 1943
Inactivated on 7 November 1945
Re-designated 850th Strategic Missile Squadron, and activated, on 22 June 1960
Inactivated on 25 March 1965.
490th Bombardment Group, 1 October 1943
VIII Air Force Composite Command, 11 May 1944
Attached to 801st Bombardment Group (Provisional), 22 May-10 August 1944
490th Bombardment Group, 10 August 1944 – 7 November 1945
Strategic Air Command, 22 June 1960
28th Bombardment Wing, 1 December 1960
44th Strategic Missile Wing, 1 January 1962 – 25 March 1965
Salt Lake City AAB, Utah, 1 October 1943
Mountain Home AAF, Idaho, 4 December 1943 – 9 April 1944
RAF Harrington (AAF-179), England, 27 April 1944
RAF Cheddington (AAF-113), England, 11 May 1944
RAF Harrington (AAF-179), England, 27 May 1944
RAF Eye, England (AAF-138), 12 August 1944-c. 26 August 1945
Drew Field, Florida, 3 September-7 November 1945
Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota, 1 December 1960 – 25 March 1965,
B-24 Liberator, 1943–1944
B-17 Flying Fortress, 1944–1945
HGM-25A Titan I, 1960–1965
Operated three missile sites: (1 December 1960-25 March 1965)