| Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo|
The 683 series (683系, Roppyaku-hachijūsan-kei) is a dual-voltage electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) and Hokuetsu Express on limited express services in Japan since 2001.
683-0 series (Thunderbird)
683-1000 series (Thunderbird)
683-2000 series (Thunderbird, former Shirasagi)
683-3000 series (Thunderbird, former Shirasagi)
683-4000 series (Thunderbird)
683-5000 series (Thunderbird)
683-8000 series (Shirasagi, former Hokuetsu Express Hakutaka)
Dinostar (from 14 March 2015)
Noto Kagaribi (from 14 March 2015)
Kuroshio (from 13 March 2015)
Hakutaka (until 12 March 2015)
Home Liner Ōgaki rapid service (until 13 March 2015)
Home Liner Sekigahara rapid service (until 13 March 2015)
683 series Wikipedia
The various formations are configured as follows.
The KuHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
The SaHa 682 and KuRo 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one single-arm pantograph.
All of the 683 series trainsets used on Thunderbird limited express services are scheduled to undergo a programme of refurbishment from autumn 2015 until the end of fiscal 2018. The first set treated, nine-car 683-4000 series set T51, was returned to revenue service in September 2015.
From 2015, 85 former Shirasagi 683 series vehicles were converted and reformed to become DC-only 289 series EMUs, formed as three-car, four-car, and six-car sets for use on Hashidate, Kinosaki, Kounotori, and Kurioshio limited express services in the Kyoto and Osaka area.