Year 565 (DLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 565 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
November 15 – Justin II succeeds his uncle Justinian I as emperor of the Byzantine Empire. He begins his reign by refusing subsidies to the Avars, who conduct several large-scale raids through the Balkan Peninsula.
Justin II recalls his cousin Justin (pretender to the throne) to Constantinople; after accusations against him he is placed under house arrest.
Justin II sends his son-in-law Baduarius (magister militum) with a Byzantine army, to support the Gepids in their war against the Lombards.
The Madaba Map is made in the Byzantine church of Saint George. The floor mosaic contains the depiction of the Holy Land (approximate date).
Columba, Irish missionary, spots the Loch Ness Monster on the River Ness present day Scotland and saves the life of a Pict (approximate date).
Summer – Alboin succeeds his father Audoin as king of the Lombards. A war erupts with the Gepids, led by King Cunimund (approximate date).
Gao Wei succeeds his father Wu Cheng Di as ruler of the Chinese Northern Qi Dynasty. Wu Cheng Di becomes a regent and Grand Emperor.
The Uyghurs are defeated by the Göktürks, who expand their territory in Central Asia (approximate date).
Arts and sciences
Agathias begins to write a history, beginning where Procopius finished his work.
January 22 – Patriarch Eutychius of Constantinople is deposed as Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople by Justinian I after he refuses the Byzantine Emperor's order to adopt the tenets of the Aphthartodocetae, a sect of Monophysites. From April 12 he is replaced by John Scholasticus.
Columba begins preaching in the Orkney Islands (approximate date).
Chen Yueyi, empress of Northern Zhou (approximate date)
Cuthwine, prince of Wessex (approximate date)
Gundoald, Bavarian nobleman (approximate date)
Marutha of Tikrit, Persian theologian (d. 649)
Mirin, Irish monk and missionary (approximate date)
Sisebut, king of the Visigoths (approximate date)
Witteric, king of the Visigoths (approximate date)
Yuan Leshang, empress of Northern Zhou
Audoin, king of the Lombards (approximate date)
Belisarius, Byzantine general ("Last of the Romans")
Diarmait mac Cerbaill, High King (approximate date)
Dorotheus of Gaza, monk and abbot (approximate date)
November 14 – Justinian I, emperor of the Byzantine Empire
Procopius, Byzantine historian (approximate date)
Samson of Dol, bishop and saint (approximate date)