|Covid-19|November 29 – King Chlothar I ("the Old") dies at Compiègne at age 64. The Merovingian Dynasty is continued by his four sons (Charibert I, Guntram, Sigebert I and Chilperic I), who divide the Frankish Kingdom and rule from the capitals at Paris, Orléans, Reims and Soissons, respectively.
The Battle of Cúl Drebene (modern Ireland) is fought between the Northern and Southern Uí Néill (approximate date).
Winter – Wu Cheng Di succeeds his brother Xiao Zhao Di, who dies from injuries suffered while hunting, as Chinese emperor of Northern Qi.
Sky Witness is crowned as leader of Calakmul.
March 4 – Pope Pelagius I dies in Rome after a five-year reign, and is succeeded by John III as the 61st pope.
Jnanagupta, a Buddhist monk from Gandhara (Pakistan), begins translating Buddhist texts into Chinese.
The First Council of Braga is held. The council condemns the doctrine of Priscillianism.
Yang Lihua, empress of Northern Zhou (d. 609)
March 4 – Pope Pelagius I
November 29 – Chlothar I, king of the Franks
Aregund, queen of the Franks
Chram, Frankish prince and son of Chlothar I
Fei Di, emperor of Northern Qi (b. 545)
Xiao Zhao Di, emperor of Northern Qi (b. 535)
Year 561 (DLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 561 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.