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521st Air Mobility Operations Wing

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Covid-19
Country  United States
Type  Logistics Coordination
521st Air Mobility Operations Wing
Active  1942–1947; 1949-18 November 1960; 2008 – Present
Branch  United States Air Force
Size  1800 airmen permanently assigned plus 900 deployed to wing
Part of  Air Mobility Command Eighteenth Air Force United States Air Force Expeditionary Center

The 521st Air Mobility Operations Wing (AMOW) is part of Air Mobility Command and is stationed at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. It coordinates logistical air movements into, out of, and through Europe.

Contents

The 521st AMOW expedites warfighting and humanitarian efforts by the United States Air Force throughout Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. It provides all command and control, en route maintenance support and air transportation services for air mobility operations in its area of responsibility. It performs this through Aircraft Maintenance Units, Maintenance Operations Centers, Quality Assurance, Regional Training Center, fuel cell, Aerospace Ground Equipment, Forward Supply Location, and Maintenance Recovery Teams. It operates Air Terminal Operations Centers, providing passenger and fleet services, cargo processing, special handling, ramp services, and load planning.

The Wing is composed of two groups. These groups are assigned twelve squadrons and fourteen other geographically separated units.

History

The wing was originally constituted as the 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion The unit served as an aircraft warning unit in defense of the continental United States from 1942 to 1943. The battalion moved to England in 1944 where it provided communications support until the day after the Normandy landings when it moved to support the invading forces in France. It moved frequently to support elements of Ninth Air Force, arriving in Belgium in September and Germany in March 1945. It continued it mission during the occupation of Germany from 1945. At the end of 1945, the battalion was converted to an Air Corps unit, redesignated the 501st Tactical Control Group and its component companies replaced by Aircraft Control and Warning Squadrons. It provided radar coverage and navigational aid to allied aircraft flying over the U.S. Zone of Occupied Germany in 1946 and 1947. It was inactivated in 1947.

The unit was reactivated as the 501st Aircraft Control and Warning Group in 1949 to replace the 7402d Aircraft Control and Warning Group. Between 1949 and 1960, it provided tactical control systems, including aircraft control and warning facilities, passive detection devices and guidance units in central Europe. In 1952, it became a tactical control group again. In 1954, the group moved to Landstuhl Air Base. Starting in 1955, it and the 526th Tactical Control Group provided personnel for a provisional Tactical Control Wing, which it replaced as the 501st Tactical Control Wing in 1957 to provide radar and aircraft control for all of Twelfth Air Force. It operated the Tactical Control System to exercise operational control of offensive and defensive units in Europe. In the 1960s, its mission, personnel, and equipment were combined with those of the 86th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, which was redesignated the 86th Air Division (Defense).

Today the two subordinate groups include:

  • The 521st Air Mobility Operations Group
  • 725th Air Mobility Squadron (Naval Station Rota, Spain)
  • 728th Air Mobility Squadron
  • 729th Air Mobility Squadron
  • 4th Expeditionary Air Mobility Squadron
  • 5th Expeditionary Air Mobility Squadron
  • 8th Expeditionary Air Mobility Squadron
  • The 721st Air Mobility Group
  • 313th Expeditionary Operations Support Squadron
  • 721st Aircraft Maintenance Squadron
  • 724th Air Mobility Squadron
  • 726th Air Mobility Squadron
  • 727th Air Mobility Squadron
  • 721st Aerial Port Squadron
  • Lineage

  • Constituted as the 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion (Separate) on 28 February 1942
  • Activated on 4 July 1942 Redesignated as 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion on 11 March 1943 Converted from the Signal Corps to the Air Corps and redesignated 501st Tactical Control Group on 31 December 1945 Inactivated on 25 September 1947
  • Redesignated 501st Aircraft Control and Warning Group on 11 May 1949
  • Activated on 10 June 1949 Redesignated 501st Tactical Control Group on 16 March 1952 Redesignated 501st Tactical Control Wing on 18 December 1957 Inactivated on 18 November 1960
  • Redesignated 521st Tactical Control Wing 31 July 1985 (remained inactive)
  • Redesignated 521st Air Mobility Operations Wing on 18 August 2008
  • Activated on 4 September 2008

    Components

    Groups

  • 521st Air Mobility Operations Group, 18 August 2008 – present
  • 721st Air Mobility Operations Group, 18 August 2008 – present
  • Squadrons

  • 3d SHORAN Beacon Squadron, 18 December 1957 – 1 May 1958
  • Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 6th SHORAN Beacon Squadron, 18 December 1957 – 1 May 1958
  • 601st Tactical Control Squadron (Formed from Company A, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, later 601st Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron), 31 December 1945 – 25 September 1947, 10 June 1949 – 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955–1957)
  • Rothwesten AB, Germany
  • 602d Tactical Control Squadron (Formed from Company B, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, later 602d Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron), 31 December 1945 – 25 September 1947, 10 June 1949 – 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955–1957)
  • Giebelstadt AB, Germany
  • 603d Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron (Formed from Company C, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, later 603d Tactical Control Squadron, 603d Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron), 31 December 1945 – 25 Sep 1947, 10 June 1949 – 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955–1957)
  • Langerkopf, Germany
  • 604th Tactical Control Squadron (Formed from Company D, 555th Signal Aircraft Warning Battalion, later 604th Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron), 31 December 1945 – 25 September 1947, 10 June 1949 – 18 November 1960 (detached to Tactical Control Wing, Provisional 1955–1957)
  • Freising AB, Germany
  • 615th Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron, Fixed, 18 December 1957 – 18 November 1960
  • Schonfeld, Germany
  • 616th Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron, 18 December 1957 – 18 November 1960
  • Ulm, Germany; Turkheim, Germany
  • 619th Tactical Control Squadron, 18 December 1957 – 18 January 1959
  • Birkenfeld, Germany
  • 807th Tactical Control Squadron, 1 August 1951 – 18 November 1960
  • Awards

  • Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
  • 1 October 2008 – 30 September 2009
  • American Theater of World War II
  • European Theater of World War II
  • Campaigns:
  • World War II Army of Occupation
  • References

    521st Air Mobility Operations Wing Wikipedia


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