Suvarna Garge (Editor)

5 HT4 receptor

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Covid-19
Species  Human
Entrez  3360
Human  Mouse
Ensembl  ENSG00000164270
5-HT4 receptor
Aliases  HTR4, 5-HT4, 5-HT4R, 5-HT4 receptor, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 4
External IDs  MGI: 109246 HomoloGene: 20243 GeneCards: HTR4
Similar  5 HT5A receptor, 5 HT3 receptor, 5 HT1 receptor

5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR4 gene.

Contents

Function

This gene is a member of the family of Human serotonin receptors, which are G protein-coupled receptors that stimulate cAMP production in response to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine). The gene product is a glycosylated transmembrane protein that functions in both the peripheral and central nervous system to modulate the release of various neurotransmitters. Multiple transcript variants encoding proteins with distinct C-terminal sequences have been described, but the full-length nature of some transcript variants has not been determined.

Location

The receptor is located in the alimentary tract, urinary bladder, heart and adrenal gland as well as the central nervous system (CNS). In the CNS the receptor appears in the putamen, caudate nucleus, nucleus accumbens, globus pallidus, and substantia nigra, and to a lesser extent in the neocortex, raphe, pontine nuclei, and some areas of the thalamus. It has not been found in the cerebellum.

Isoforms

Internalization is isoform-specific.

Ligands

Several drugs that act as 5-HT4 selective agonists have recently been introduced into use in both scientific research and clinical medicine. Some drugs that act as 5-HT4 agonists are also active as 5-HT3 antagonists, such as Mosapride, Metoclopramide, Renzapride, and Zacopride, and so these compounds cannot be considered highly selective. Research in this area is ongoing.

SB-207,145 radiolabeled with carbon-11 is used as a radioligand for 5-HT4 in positron emission tomography pig and human studies.

Agonists

  • BIMU-8
  • Cisapride
  • CJ-033,466 - partial agonist
  • ML-10302
  • Mosapride
  • Prucalopride
  • Renzapride
  • RS-67506
  • RS-67333 - partial agonist
  • SL65.0155 - partial agonist
  • Tegaserod
  • Zacopride
  • Metoclopramide
  • Sulpiride
  • Antagonists

  • Piboserod
  • GR-113,808 (1-methyl-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid, [1-[2-[(methylsulfonyl)amino]ethyl]-4-piperidinyl]methyl ester)
  • GR-125,487
  • RS-39604 (1-[4-Amino-5-chloro-2-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)methyloxy]-3-[1-[2-methylsulphonylamino]piperidin-4-yl]propan-1-one)
  • SB-203,186
  • SB-204,070
  • ([Methoxy-11C]1-butylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl 4-amino-3-methoxybenzoate
  • Chamomile (ethanol extract)
  • References

    5-HT4 receptor Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    5 HT1 receptor
    5 HT3 receptor
    5 HT5A receptor
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