Puneet Varma

35th United States Congress

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House Speaker  James L. Orr (D)
House Majority  Democratic
Senate Majority  Democratic
35th United States Congress
Senate President  John C. Breckinridge (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem  James M. Mason (D) Thomas J. Rusk (D) Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)
Members  66 Senators 237 Representatives 7 Non-voting members

The Thirty-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1859, during the first two years of James Buchanan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


Major events

  • Panic of 1857
  • March 4, 1857. James Buchanan became President of the United States
  • March 6, 1857: Dred Scott v. Sandford
  • July 18, 1857: Utah Expedition left Fort Leavenworth, effectively beginning the Utah War
  • August 21, 1858: First of the Lincoln-Douglas debates was held
  • March 3, 1859: Financial appropriations for the improvement and construction of lighthouses.
  • Treaties

  • March 12, 1858: Treaty with the Ponca signed
  • April 19, 1858: Treaty with the Yankton Sioux signed
  • July 29, 1858: Harris Treaty signed with Japan
  • States admitted

  • May 11, 1858: Minnesota admitted as the 32nd state
  • February 14, 1859: Oregon admitted as the 33rd state
  • Senate

    During this congress, two Senate seats were added for each of the new states of Minnesota and Oregon.

    House of Representatives

    During this congress, two House seats were added for the new state of Minnesota and one House seat was added for the new state of Oregon.


  • President: John C. Breckinridge (D)
  • President pro tempore: James M. Mason (D), March 4, 1857 only
  • Thomas J. Rusk (D), elected March 14, 1857
  • Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D), elected December 7, 1857
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker of the House. James L. Orr (D)
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


    Skip to House of Representatives, below

    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1862; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1858; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1860.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 5
  • Democrats (D): no net change
  • Whigs (W): no net change
  • Republicans (R): no net change
  • Americans (A): no net change
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 1
  • interim appointments: 2
  • seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 9
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 10
  • Democrats (D): 3 seat net loss
  • Whigs (W): 3 seat net gain
  • Republicans (R): 1 seat net gain
  • Independent Democrats (ID): 1 seat net gain
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election:1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 14
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banks of the District of Columbia (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • Distributing Public Revenue Among the States (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • French Spoilations (Select)
  • Indian Affairs
  • Judiciary
  • Military Affairs
  • Military Asylum near Washington, D.C. (Select)
  • Militia
  • Naval Affairs
  • Ordnance and War Ships (Select)
  • Pacific Railroad (Select)
  • Patents and the Patent Office
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Printing
  • Private Land Claims
  • Public Lands
  • Retrenchment
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Territories
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Engraving
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Invalid Pensions
  • Manufactures
  • Mileage
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Naval Affairs
  • Patents
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Buildings and Grounds
  • Public Expenditures
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Revolutionary Claims
  • Roads and Canals
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Territories
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol. Thomas U. Walter
  • Librarian of Congress: John Silva Meehan
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: none elected
  • Secretary. Asbury Dickens elected December 12, 1836
  • Sergeant at Arms. Dunning R. McNair
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain. William H. Milburn (Methodist)
  • Clerk: James C. Allen
  • Doorkeeper. Robert B. Hackney
  • Messenger. Thaddeus Morrice
  • Sergeant at Arms. Adam J. Glossbrenner
  • Postmaster. Michael W. Cluskey
  • References

    35th United States Congress Wikipedia

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