Suvarna Garge

221 series

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In service  1989–Present
Constructed  March 1989–1992
Replaced  113 series, 117 series
Refurbishment  2012–
221 series
Manufacturer  JR-West Gotō Works, JR-West Takatori Works, Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo
Built at  Kobe, Yonago, Kudamatsu, Higashiōsaka

The 221 series (221系, Nihyaku-nijūichi-kei) is a suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan since March 1989.



  • Tōkaidō Main Line (Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line, JR Kobe Line) (Maibara - Kōbe)
  • Sanyō Main Line (JR Kobe Line) (Kōbe - Kamigōri)
  • Hokuriku Main Line (Biwako Line) (Nagahama - Maibara)
  • Kosei Line (Yamashina - Ōmi-Imazu)
  • Osaka Loop Line
  • Kansai Main Line (Yamatoji Line) (Kamo - JR Namba)
  • Nara Line
  • Sakurai Line (Manyō-Mahoroba Line)
  • Wakayama Line (Ōji - Gojō)
  • Akō Line (Aioi - Banshū-Akō)
  • Sanin Main Line (Sagano Line) (Kyoto - Fukuchiyama)
  • Bantan Line (Himeji - Teramae)
  • Formations

    As of 1 October 2012, the fleet consisted of 474 vehicles, formed as 2-, 4-, 6-, and 8-car sets, based at Kyoto, Nara, and Aboshi depots.

    4-car sets

    The KuMoHa 221 cars in some formations are equipped with a second de-icing pantograph.


    Seating is arranged as 2+2 abreast transverse flip-over seats.


    The first 221 series trains were introduced from the start of the revised timetable in March 1989.

    The 221 series received the Laurel Prize in 1990.


    From December 2012, a programme of refurbishment started, which will ultimately cover the entire fleet of 474 vehicles. Interior improvements include new universal access toilets, provision of wheelchair spaces, and flip-up seating next to the doorways. The first refurbished set, 4-car set K12, was returned to revenue service on 11 January 2012.


    221 series Wikipedia

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