| 113 series, 117 series|
| JR-West Gotō Works, JR-West Takatori Works, Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo|
Kobe, Yonago, Kudamatsu, Higashiōsaka
The 221 series (221系, Nihyaku-nijūichi-kei) is a suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in the Kansai Region of Japan since March 1989.
Tōkaidō Main Line (Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line, JR Kobe Line) (Maibara - Kōbe)
Sanyō Main Line (JR Kobe Line) (Kōbe - Kamigōri)
Hokuriku Main Line (Biwako Line) (Nagahama - Maibara)
Kosei Line (Yamashina - Ōmi-Imazu)
Osaka Loop Line
Kansai Main Line (Yamatoji Line) (Kamo - JR Namba)
Sakurai Line (Manyō-Mahoroba Line)
Wakayama Line (Ōji - Gojō)
Akō Line (Aioi - Banshū-Akō)
Sanin Main Line (Sagano Line) (Kyoto - Fukuchiyama)
Bantan Line (Himeji - Teramae)
221 series Wikipedia
As of 1 October 2012, the fleet consisted of 474 vehicles, formed as 2-, 4-, 6-, and 8-car sets, based at Kyoto, Nara, and Aboshi depots.
The KuMoHa 221 cars in some formations are equipped with a second de-icing pantograph.
Seating is arranged as 2+2 abreast transverse flip-over seats.
The first 221 series trains were introduced from the start of the revised timetable in March 1989.
The 221 series received the Laurel Prize in 1990.
From December 2012, a programme of refurbishment started, which will ultimately cover the entire fleet of 474 vehicles. Interior improvements include new universal access toilets, provision of wheelchair spaces, and flip-up seating next to the doorways. The first refurbished set, 4-car set K12, was returned to revenue service on 11 January 2012.