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1970 Colombia earthquake

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Origin time  17:08:05 UTC
Depth  645 km (401 mi)
Date  31 July 1970
Magnitude  8.0 Mw
Areas affected  Colombia
1970 Colombia earthquake
Casualties  1 dead, several injured
Similar  1906 Ecuador–Colombia earthquake, 1979 Tumaco earthquake, 1875 Cúcuta earthquake, 1970 Tonghai earthquake, Kamchatka earthquakes

The 1970 Colombia earthquake occurred in Colombia on July 31.

Contents

Details and aftermath

The shock killed one person and injured several others. Because it was a deep-focus earthquake, shaking occurred over an extensive area, including San Juan, Bogotá, Caracas, Buenos Aires, and São Paulo; it was felt as far north as Mexico City. Its depth forestalled more serious casualties, and there were no aftershocks.

The depth of the earthquake prompted scientists in South America to install seismometer networks focused on long-period earthquakes. Until the 1994 Bolivia earthquake, the 1970 Colombia earthquake was famous among seismologists as the largest deep earthquake.

Analysis

A study completed by Dziewonski and Gilbert (1974) determined that the earthquake had featured isotropic compression, or an increase in density near the rupture point similar to an implosion; this was released to great controversy. They also claimed that the compression had been initiated 80 seconds before the actual earthquake's short-period shaking. Many studies have reached differing conclusions including a dearth of isotropic movement, and many scientists feel that resolution created errors in Dziewonski and Gilbert's findings. In 1997, Russakoff, Ekstrom, and Trump reassessed their findings utilizing more advanced equipment that factored in shear wave splitting and coupling (the measure of how tightly locked two sides of a fault or plate are) and confirmed that there was very little isotropic compression.

References

1970 Colombia earthquake Wikipedia


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