Head of state (monarch) – Queen Elizabeth II (consort – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh)
Governor general – Georges Vanier (viceregal consort – Pauline Vanier)
Prime minister – John Diefenbaker
Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – John Percy Page
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Frank M. Ross (until October 12) then George Pearkes
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – John S. McDiarmid (until January 15) then Errick Willis
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Joseph Leonard O'Brien
Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland – Campbell Leonard Macpherson
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Edward Chester Plow
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – John Keiller MacKay
Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Frederick Walter Hyndman
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Onésime Gagnon
Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Frank Lindsay Bastedo
Premier of Alberta – Ernest Manning
Premier of British Columbia – W.A.C. Bennett
Premier of Manitoba – Dufferin Roblin
Premier of New Brunswick – Hugh John Flemming (until July 12) then Louis Robichaud
Premier of Newfoundland – Joey Smallwood
Premier of Nova Scotia – Robert Stanfield
Premier of Ontario – Leslie Frost
Premier of Prince Edward Island – Walter Shaw
Premier of Quebec – Paul Sauvé (until January 2) then Antonio Barrette (January 8 to July 22) then Jean Lesage
Premier of Saskatchewan – Tommy Douglas
Commissioner of Yukon – Frederick Howard Collins
Commissioner of Northwest Territories – Robert Gordon Robertson
January – The Board of Broadcast Governors begins hearings in Winnipeg to determine alternatives to CBC Television. Hearings were conducted throughout the country. Eventually, numerous licences were given to: Halifax—the Finlay MacDonald group—CJCH-TV; Montreal—the Canadian Marconi Co.—CFCF-TV; Ottawa—Ernie Bushnell's group—CJOH-TV; Toronto—Baton—the Bassett group—CFTO-TV; Winnipeg—the Moffat group—CJAY-TV (CKY-TV); Edmonton—the CBC (CBXT), (which would relieve CFRN-TV of its CBC affiliation); Calgary—the Love organization—CFCN-TV; Vancouver—the Vantel group—CHAN-TV (BCTV).
January 2 – Paul Sauvé, Premier of Quebec, dies in office
January 8 – Antonio Barrette becomes premier of Quebec
April 24 – Television station CBWFT signs on for the first time as Radio-Canada Winnipeg.
June 8 – Saskatchewan election: Tommy Douglas's Co-operative Commonwealth Federation wins a fifth consecutive majority.
July 1 – Status Indians are given the right to vote
July 9 – Seven-year-old Roger Woodward became the first person to accidentally fall over the Horseshoe Falls and survive.
July 12 – Louis Robichaud becomes premier of New Brunswick, replacing Hugh John Flemming
July 22 – Jean Lesage becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Antonio Barrette
July 22 – Vincent Massey becomes the first Canadian to receive the Royal Victorian Chain
July 25–27 – The first First Ministers conference is held
August 10 – The Canadian Bill of Rights is given royal assent
September – York University's first class begins learning
September 19 – The University of Calgary is founded
December 17 – Quebec becomes the last province to agree to the National Health Act.
December 20 - Ontario executed 10,000 cats due to over population
The Quiet Revolution is usually said to begin in Quebec
French beginning to be recognized as language taught in schools outside of Quebec
L'Anse aux Meadows, evidence of Viking colonization of North America is discovered in Newfoundland
The Ford Frontenac is introduced exclusively to the Canadian market.
February 16 – The new National Gallery of Canada building opens in Ottawa.
November 2 – The National Theatre School opens in Montreal.
Milton Acorn: Against a League of Liars
Farley Mowat: Ordeal by Ice
Gordon R. Dickson: Necromancer
See 1960 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
Stephen Leacock Award: Pierre Berton, Just Add Water and Stir
January 16 – Gordie Howe becomes the leading scorer in NHL history, passing Maurice Richard.
April 14 – The Montreal Canadiens defeat the Toronto Maple Leafs to win their fifth Stanley Cup in a row.
October 6 – Maurice Richard's number is retired by the Montreal Canadiens.
January 12 – Oliver Platt, actor
January 24 – Mark Reeds, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (d. 2015)
February 11 – Grant Main, rower and Olympic gold medalist
February 12 – George Elliott Clarke, poet and playwright
February 14 – Walt Poddubny, ice hockey player and coach (d.2009)
February 14 – Meg Tilly, actress and dancer
February 17 – Lindy Ruff, ice hockey player and coach
February 28 – Dorothy Stratten, model, actress and murder victim (d.1980)
March 7 – Gail Greenough, equestrian
March 15 – Carole Rouillard, long-distance runner
March 18 - Guy Carbonneau, retired professional ice hockey player
April 8 - Pat Duncan, politician and sixth (and first female) Premier of Yukon and the first Liberal government
April 10 – Drew Caldwell, politician
April 12 - Toren Smith, manga publisher and translator (d.2013)
April 20 - Eria Fachin, pop singer
April 28 – John Cerutti, baseball player (d.2004)
April 29 – Robert J. Sawyer, science fiction writer
May 5 – Sue Yardley, cook
May 8 - Patrick McKenna, actor
May 11 - Gildor Roy, actor
July 19 – Atom Egoyan, filmmaker
July 22 – Jane Patterson, judoka
July 25 – Alain Robidoux, snooker player
July 28 – Anna Marie Malone, long-distance runner
July 31 – Dale Hunter, ice hockey player and coach
August 27 – Mike Mahovlich, javelin thrower
Mark Eyking, politician
Guy A. Lepage, actor
September 14 – Callum Keith Rennie, actor
September 21 – David James Elliott, actor
September 25 - Sonia Benezra, TV and radio interviewer and personality and actress
October 8 - François Pérusse, comedian and humor
November 6 – Kevin Neufeld, rower and Olympic gold medallist
Anne Dorval, actress
Robert Libman, politician, architect and leader of Equality Party
November 20 - Marc Labrèche, actor, comedian and host
December 28 – Ray Bourque, ice hockey player
John Greyson – filmmaker
January 2 – Paul Sauvé, lawyer, soldier, politician and 17th Premier of Quebec (b.1907)
February 16 – James Alexander Murray, politician and Premier of New Brunswick (b.1864)
February 22 – Paul-Émile Borduas, painter (b.1905)
June 13 – Brooke Claxton, politician and Minister (b.1898)
July 26 – Maud Menten, medical scientist (b.1879)
August 5 – Arthur Meighen, politician and 9th Prime Minister of Canada (b.1874)
November 5 – Mack Sennett, actor, producer, screenwriter and film director (b.1880)
December 12 – Louis Orville Breithaupt, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (b.1890)
December 19 – Jean Désy, diplomat (b.1893)
December 29 – Philippe Panneton, physician, academic, diplomat and writer (b.1895)
December 31 – C. D. Howe, politician and Minister (b.1886)
1960 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1960 in Canada.