Suvarna Garge (Editor)

1945 in New Zealand

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1945 in New Zealand
Decades:  1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s
See also:  Other events of 1945 Timeline of New Zealand history


A census was held in September 1945. This was a year earlier than the established pattern, to make up for the lack of a census in 1941 due to World War II, and so that an electoral redistribution (the first for ten years) could be done before the 1946 election.


  • Estimated population as of 31 December: 1,727,800
  • Increase since previous 31/12/1944: 51,500 (3.07%)
  • Males per 100 females: 98.1
  • Large increase is due to demobilisation of New Zealanders from military service overseas.
  • Regal and viceregal

  • Head of State - George VI
  • Governor-General - Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Cyril Newall GCB OM GCMG CBE AM
  • Government

    The 27th New Zealand Parliament continued, with the Labour Party in government.

  • Speaker of the House - Frederick Schramm (Labour)
  • Prime Minister - Peter Fraser
  • Minister of Finance - Walter Nash
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs - Peter Fraser
  • Attorney-General - Rex Mason
  • Parliamentary opposition

  • Leader of the Opposition - Sidney Holland (National Party).
  • Main centre leaders

  • Mayor of Auckland - John Allum
  • Mayor of Hamilton - Harold Caro
  • Mayor of Wellington - Will Appleton
  • Mayor of Christchurch - Ernest Andrews
  • Mayor of Dunedin - Donald Cameron
  • Events

  • 2 May: New Zealand 2nd Division accepts surrender of the German Army in Trieste.
  • 15 December: Main North Line railway linking Christchurch and Picton is completed and officially opened over seventy years after construction began.
  • Arts and literature

    See 1945 in art, 1945 in literature, Category:1945 books


    See: 1945 in music


    See: Public broadcasting in New Zealand


    See: Category:1945 film awards, 1945 in film, List of New Zealand feature films, Cinema of New Zealand, Category:1945 films


    National Champions (Postal Shoot)

  • Open: W. Burton (Gisborne)
  • Women: P. Bryan (Auckland)
  • Athletics

  • Lionel Fox wins his first national title in the men's marathon, clocking 2:54:09.2 in Wellington.
  • Chess

  • The 52nd National Chess Championship was held in Auckland, and was won by R.G. Wade of Wellington (his 2nd win).
  • Harness racing

  • New Zealand Trotting Cup: Gold Bar
  • Auckland Trotting Cup: Sea Born
  • Rugby union

    Category:Rugby union in New Zealand, Category:All Blacks

  • Ranfurly Shield
  • Rugby league

    New Zealand national rugby league team


  • The Chatham Cup is won by Western of Christchurch who beat Wellington Marist 4—3 in the final.
  • Provincial league champions:
  • Auckland: Philomel
  • Canterbury: Western
  • Hawke's Bay: Napier HSOB
  • Nelson: RNZAF
  • Otago: Mosgiel
  • South Canterbury: No competition
  • Southland: No competition
  • Taranaki: Old Boys
  • Waikato: Rotowaro
  • Wanganui: No competition
  • Wellington: Wellington Marist
  • Births

  • 17 January: Jeanette Fitzsimons, politician and environmentalist.
  • 5 February: Michael Cullen, politician.
  • 21 February: Jim McLay, politician.
  • 4 April: Bryan Andrews, cricketer.
  • 11 April: David McPhail, comedian, actor, writer.
  • 11 April: Winston Peters, politician.
  • 5 September: Conal Coad, opera singer.
  • 7 September: Vic Pollard, cricketer.
  • 15 November: Roger Donaldson, film director.
  • 15 December: Michael King, historian.
  • Bill Jeffries, politician.
  • Deaths

  • February: David Russell, soldier awarded the George Cross.
  • 15 April: Raffaello Squarise, Italian violinist
  • 11 December: Albert Moss, cricketer.
  • Arthur Bignell, businessman, mayor.
  • Edith Joan Lyttleton, writer.
  • Category:1945 deaths


    1945 in New Zealand Wikipedia

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