July – Dulwich Picture Gallery in London is substantially damaged by a V-1 flying bomb; half a dozen paintings are destroyed, but most have been evacuated to Aberystwyth.
Clandestine publication of Vaincre, an album of 12 colour lithographs by 8 artists in support of the French Resistance.
Archibald Prize: Joshua Smith – Hon Sol Rosevear, MHR, Speaker of the House of Representatives
Jean Dubuffet's first solo exhibition.
David Aronson – The Last Supper
Francis Bacon – Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion
David Bomberg – Evening in the City of London
Stella Bowen – Bomber Crew
Robert Capa – "The Magnificent Eleven" (photographs)
William Coldstream – Casualty Reception Station, Capua
Salvador Dalí – Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening
Jacob Epstein – sculptures
First Portrait of Esther (with long hair)
George Grosz – Cain, or Hitler in Hell
Jean Hélion – The Stairway
The Broken Column
Diego and Frida 1929-1944
Dame Laura Knight – Take Off
Fernand Léger – Three Musicians (Museum of Modern Art, New York)
Henri Matisse – Annelies, White Tulips and Anemones
Joan Miró – Barcelona Series (lithographs)
Piet Mondrian – Victory Boogie-Woogie (unfinished)
Felix Nussbaum – Triumph of Death
Pablo Picasso – Man with Sheep (sculpture)
The Ferry (at Marston near Oxford)
Parson's Pleasure (On the Lawn)
Robert F. Sargent – Into the Jaws of Death (photograph)
Ben Shahn – The Red Stairway
9 January – Ian Hornak, American painter and draughtsman (d. 2002).
10 January – Jeff Jones, American illustrator.
4 March – Glen Baxter, English cartoonist.
4 April – Phyllida Barlow, English sculptor.
8 May – David Vaughan, English psychedelic artist and muralist (d. 2003).
4 August – Allan McCollum, American conceptual artist, all media.
15 August – Gianfranco Ferré, Italian fashion designer (d. 2007).
20 August – Brian Barnes, English mural artist.
1 September – Louis Delsarte, American painter.
4 November – Don Eddy – American painter.
Abbas, Iranian-born documentary photographer.
Michael Heizer, American sculptor, earth artist.
Richard Mock, American painter, sculptor and cartoonist (d. 2006).
Allen Ruppersberg, American conceptual artist, installation artist.
January 23 – Edvard Munch, Norwegian expressionist painter (b. 1863)
February 1 – Piet Mondrian, Dutch abstract painter (b. 1872)
April 25 – George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat) (b. 1880)
July 18 – Rex Whistler, English painter (killed in action) (b. 1905)
August 2 – Felix Nussbaum, German Jewish surrealist painter (in Auschwitz concentration camp) (b. 1904)
September 3 – William Logsdail, English landscape, portrait, and genre painter (b. 1859)
Aristide Maillol, French sculptor (b. 1861)
Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian-born color photographer (b. 1863)
October 14 – Marko Murat, Serbian painter (b. 1864)
October 21 – Hilma af Klint, Swedish abstract painter and mystic (b. 1862)
November 22 – Sir George Clausen, English artist (b. 1852)
December 10 – Miklós Ligeti, Hungarian sculptor (b. 1871)
December 13 – Wassily Kandinsky, Russian abstract painter (b. 1866)
Undated – Esther Kenworthy, English flower painter (b. 1857)
1944 in art Wikipedia