1950s|Monarch — George VI
Secretary of State for Scotland and Keeper of the Great Seal — Walter Elliot until 16 May; then John Colville
Lord Advocate — Thomas Mackay Cooper
Solicitor General for Scotland — James Reid
Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General — Lord Normand
Lord Justice Clerk — Lord Aitchison
Chairman of the Scottish Land Court — Lord MacGregor Mitchell, then Lord Murray
27 April — Second Division team East Fife F.C. uniquely win the Scottish Cup in Association football.
3 May — Empire Exhibition opens in Glasgow.
30 July — The Beano comic, published by D. C. Thomson & Co. of Dundee, goes on sale across the U.K.
27 September — RMS Queen Elizabeth is launched at Clydebank; she is the largest ship in the world at this time.
Iona Community established by Rev. George MacLeod in Glasgow.
English landowner David Freeman-Mitford, 2nd Baron Redesdale, buys the island of Inch Kenneth.
The Hermitage of Braid estate, adjacent to Blackford Hill, is gifted to the city of Edinburgh for recreational purposes by John McDougal.
The Neolithic settlement of Rinyo on Rousay in Orkney is excavated by V. Gordon Childe.
Broughton Place at Broughton in the Borders is built in the style of a traditional tower house by Basil Spence incorporating decorative reliefs by Hew Lorimer.
Turner & Newall establish an asbestos cement plant at Dalmuir.
Agnes Mure Mackenzie publishes The Foundations of Scotland, the first of a 6-volume history.
2 January — Ian Brady, born Ian Duncan Stewart, serial killer
16 February — Willie Hamilton, footballer (died 1976 in Canada)
7 March — Alan Cousin, footballer (died 2016)
Ian Gray, comics scriptwriter (died 2007)
David Steel, Liberal Democrats leader and 1st Presiding Officer of the Scottish Parliament
5 June — Moira Anderson, singer
27 June — David Hope, judge
13 September — John Smith, Labour Party leader (died 1994 in London)
20 October — Iain Macmillan, photographer (died 2006)
31 January — Sir James Crichton-Browne, psychiatrist (born 1840)
9 April — Moses McNeil, footballer, a founder of Rangers F.C. (born 1855)
11 April — David Alan Stevenson, lighthouse designer (born 1854)
25 April — Robert MacGregor Mitchell, Lord MacGregor Mitchell, Chairman of the Scottish Land Court 1934–38 (born 1875)
29 April — James Pittendrigh Macgillivray, sculptor and poet (born 1856)
29 August — John Macdonald, sportsman and physician (died 1861)
Hugh S. Roberton writes the "Mingulay Boat Song".
1938 in Scotland Wikipedia
Events from the year 1938 in Scotland.