Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

1909 Wabash River earthquake

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Origin time  04:45 local time
Type  Unknown
Max. intensity  VII (Very strong)
Date  27 September 1909
Magnitude  5.1 Mfa
Areas affected  Indiana United States
Casualties  None
1909 Wabash River earthquake httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsff
Similar  2003 Alabama earthquake, 1980 Eureka earthquake, 2008 Illinois earthquake, 1993 Scotts Mills earthquake, 1663 Charlevoix earthquake

The 1909 Wabash River earthquake occurred at 04:45 local time on September 27 with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong). It measured 5.1 on a seismic scale that is based on an isoseismal map or the event's felt area. With moderate damage in the Wabash River Valley, it is currently the strongest earthquake recorded in the U.S. state of Indiana. The earthquake occurred somewhere along a fault within the Wabash Valley Seismic Zone.


The earthquake was felt over an area of 30,000 square miles. In Terre Haute, the earthquake toppled two chimneys, cracked plaster, and knocked pictures from walls. Nearby Covington, north of Terre Haute in Fountain County, experienced several fallen chimneys and some broken windows. Chimneys were "jarred loose" in Princeton, Indiana, and one chimney was even "shaken to pieces" at Olivette, Missouri (a suburb of St. Louis). A brick wall was also "shook" down within St. Louis, Missouri. Reports came from various states, including Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Ohio, and Tennessee.


1909 Wabash River earthquake Wikipedia