Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1906 in the United Kingdom

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1906 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1906 in the United Kingdom.

Contents

Incumbents

  • Monarch - Edward VII
  • Prime Minister - Henry Campbell-Bannerman (Liberal)
  • Events

  • 8 February - The Liberal Party led by Henry Campbell-Bannerman win the general election with a large majority.
  • 10 February - HMS Dreadnought is launched and sparks the naval race between Britain and Germany.
  • 15 February - Representatives of the Labour Representation Committee in Parliament take the name Parliamentary Labour Party.
  • 10 March - Bakerloo line of the London Underground opened.
  • 15 March - Rolls-Royce Limited is registered.
  • 22 March - First international rugby match. England defeats France 25-8.
  • 21 April - Manchester United F.C., known as Newton Heath until four years ago, secure promotion to the Football League First Division.
  • 15 May - Our Dumb Friends League opens its first animal hospital, in Victoria, London.
  • 26 May - Opening of Vauxhall Bridge in London.
  • 30 May - Royal Navy battleship HMS Montagu runs aground on the island of Lundy and becomes a loss.
  • 22 June - The present King's daughter Maud is crowned as queen consort of Norway.
  • 27 June - Swansea earthquake causes considerable damage.
  • 30 June - Salisbury rail crash: A London and South Western Railway express train suffers derailment and collision passing through Salisbury station at excessive speed; 24 passengers and 4 railwaymen are killed.
  • 31 August–3 September - Heat wave reaches its peak.
  • 19 September - Grantham rail accident: A Great Northern Railway sleeping car train suffers derailment passing through Grantham station at excessive speed; 14 are killed.
  • October - New City Hall, Cardiff, opens in Cathays Park.
  • 8 October - German inventor and hairdresser Karl Nessler gives the first public demonstration of his permanent wave machine in London.
  • 23 October - Suffragettes disrupt the State Opening of Parliament.
  • 2 December - HMS Dreadnought commissioned, the first all-big-gun warship.
  • 10 December - J. J. Thomson wins the Nobel Prize in Physics "in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases."
  • 13 December
  • Trade Disputes Act legalises picketing.
  • Workmen's Compensation Act entitles workers to compensation for industrial injuries or disease.
  • 15 December - Piccadilly line of the London Underground opened.
  • 21 December - Education (Provision of Meals) Act allows local education authorities to provide free school meals to the poorest children.
  • Undated

  • Hampstead Garden Suburb established in north London.
  • Richard Oldham argues that the Earth has a molten interior.
  • Anti-vivisection Brown Dog statue is erected in Battersea, provoking riots.
  • Alice Perry becomes the first woman to graduate with a degree in civil engineering in the British Isles, at Queen's College, Galway, Ireland, and is appointed in December as an acting county surveyor.
  • J. K. Farnell of London manufacture the first British teddy bear.
  • Publications

  • Angela Brazil's schoolgirl story The Fortunes of Philippa.
  • William De Morgan's novel Joseph Vance.
  • The English Hymnal edited by Percy Dearmer and Ralph Vaughan Williams.
  • Henry Watson Fowler and Francis George Fowler's book The King's English.
  • John Galsworthy's first Forsyte Saga novel The Man of Property.
  • Rudyard Kipling's historical fantasy Puck of Pook's Hill.
  • E. Nesbit's novel The Railway Children (in book form).
  • J. M. Dent and Company commence publication of the Everyman's Library series with Boswell's Life of Johnson.
  • Births

  • 22 January – Joe Gladwin, actor (d. 1987)
  • 10 February – Arthur Elton, pioneer documentary film maker (died 1973)
  • 19 February – Grace Williams, Welsh composer (died 1977)
  • 26 February – Madeleine Carroll, actress (died 1997)
  • 16 March – Henny Youngman, American-domiciled comedian (died 1998)
  • 25 March – A. J. P. Taylor, historian (died 1990)
  • 9 April – Hugh Gaitskell, Labour politician (died 1963)
  • 21 April – Stephen Tennant, eccentric socialite (died 1987)
  • 29 May – T. H. White, Indian-born novelist (died 1964)
  • 19 June – Ernst Boris Chain, German-born biochemist, Nobel laureate (died 1979)
  • 20 June
  • Catherine Cookson, novelist (died 1998)
  • Robert Trent Jones, American-domiciled golf course designer (died 2000)
  • 27 June – Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (died 1967)
  • 30 June – Ralph Allen, footballer (died 1981)
  • 5 August – Joan Hickson, actress (died 1998)
  • 28 August – John Betjeman, poet laureate (died 1984)
  • 27 September – William Empson, poet and literary critic (died 1984)
  • 1 November – Beryl Cooke, actress (died 2001)
  • 18 November – Alec Issigonis, Ottoman-born car designer (died 1988)
  • 8 December – Richard Llewellyn, novelist (died 1983)
  • 24 December – James Hadley Chase, novelist (died 1985)
  • Deaths

  • 22 January – George Holyoake, secularist and proponent of the cooperative movement (born 1817)
  • 8 March – Henry Baker Tristram, clergyman and ornithologist (born 1822)
  • 19 April – Spencer Gore, tennis player and cricketer (born 1850)
  • 20 June – John Clayton Adams, artist (born 1840)
  • 9 November – Dorothea Beale, proponent of women's education (born 1831)
  • 19 December – Frederic William Maitland, historian and jurist (born 1850)
  • 30 December – Angela Burdett-Coutts, 1st Baroness Burdett-Coutts, philanthropist (born 1814)
  • References

    1906 in the United Kingdom Wikipedia


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