|Covid-19|January 30 - The Halifax and South Western Railway opens, connecting Halifax to Yarmouth, Nova Scotia.
January 31 - New York Central and Hudson River Railway officially takes control of Ottawa and New York Railway.
March 21 - Construction begins on the Apalachicola Northern Railroad in Florida.
April - Ralph Peters becomes president of the Long Island Rail Road
April 1 – Nippon Railroad Line, Nippori of Tokyo via Taira Station to Iwanuma of Miyagi Prefecture route officially completed in Japan.(as predecessor of Joban Line)
April 26 - The San Pedro, Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad (which later became part of Union Pacific Railroad) signs an agreement to operate over the California Southern Railroad's track through Cajon Pass via trackage rights.
June 11 - The Pennsylvania Railroad inaugurates the fastest freight train schedule in the world, operating between Chicago, Illinois, and New York City in 18 hours.
June 12 - Pennsylvania Railroad's passenger train Pennsylvania Special (which would later become the Broadway Limited) sets a speed record between Chicago, Illinois, and New York City, travelling at 127.2 mph (204.7 km/h).
July 1 - The three principal railway companies in Italy are brought together with a number of private operators into the nationalised Ferrovie dello Stato.
July 8 - Death Valley Scotty pays US$5,500 in cash to Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway general passenger agent J. J. Byrne to charter the Scott Special.
July 9 - The Scott Special, an Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway passenger train chartered by Death Valley Scotty for US$5,500, departs Los Angeles, California, on its record breaking run to Chicago, Illinois, in just under 45 hours.
July 11 - The Scott Special arrives at Dearborn Station in Chicago, Illinois, 44 hours and 54 minutes after departing Los Angeles, California.
July 27 - The Hall Road rail accident near Liverpool in England kills 21 people.
August 22 - The Portland and Seattle Railway is incorporated.
September 1 - The Witham rail crash in England kills 11.
September 9 - Construction begins on the Nevada Northern Railway in Ely, Nevada.
September 12 - Opening of the Victoria Falls Bridge across the Zambezi River as part of the projected Cape-Cairo railway.
October 29 (October 16 Old Style) - Circum-Baikal Railway brought into permanent operation in the Russian Empire, completing through rail communication on the Trans-Siberian Railway.
October 31 - Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway property purchased by Government of India.
November 3 - The Englewood branch of the old South Side Elevated system of the Chicago 'L' opens between 59th Street junction and State Street.
Construction begins on the Tidewater Railway in Virginia.
Indian Railways Board set up.
ALCO purchases rival steam locomotive manufacturer Rogers Locomotive Works.
American Car and Foundry acquires Indianapolis Car and Foundry and Indianapolis Car Company.
January 21 - O. S. Nock, English railway author and signalling engineer (died 1994).
February 8 - Jay Cooke, American financier who built the Northern Pacific Railway (born 1821).
September 4 - William Dean, Chief Mechanical Engineer of Great Western Railway of England 1877-1902 (born 1840).
December 14 - Herman Haupt, American railroad civil engineer (born 1817).
December 29 - Charles Tyson Yerkes, American financier of rapid transit systems in Chicago and London (born 1837).
1905 in rail transport Wikipedia
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1905.