Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1900 in Italy

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1900 in Italy

See also: 1899 in Italy, other events of 1900, 1901 in Italy.

Contents

Events from the year 1900 in Italy.

Kingdom of Italy

  • Monarch –
    1. Umberto I (1878–1900)
    2. Victor Emmanuel III (1900–1946)
  • Prime Minister -
    1. Luigi Pelloux (1898–1900)
    2. Giuseppe Saracco (1900–1901)
  • Population – 32,377,000
  • Events

    The parliamentary year is dominated by an obstructionist campaign against the coercive Public Safety Bill introduced Prime Minister Luigi Pelloux the year before.

    January

  • January 14 – Giacomo Puccini's opera Tosca premieres in Rome, Italy.
  • March

  • March 29 – Uproar in the Italian Chamber of Deputies on procedural machinations by the Chamber's president to pass the controversial Public Security Bill. The Constitutional Opposition of Giuseppe Zanardelli joins the Extreme Left (Socialists, Republicans and Radicals). The next day the Extreme Left disrupts the session and the Chamber is adjourned.
  • April

  • April 3 – When the rightwing majority again tries to impose new procedures to curb debates on the new controversial Public Security Bill, 160 opposition deputies led by Giuseppe Zanardelli walk out the Chamber of Deputies, resulting in parliamentary deadlock. Parliament is adjourned until May 15.
  • April 22 – First issue of L'Ora (The Hour), a Sicilian daily newspaper in Palermo, founded by the entrepreneurial Florio family.
  • May

  • May 15 – The Italian Chamber of Deputies reassemble after an interval of several weeks since the adjournment that was occasioned by the obstruction of the members of the Extreme Left. Amidst continuous uproar the session is adjourned. Due to the continuous obstruction of his new coercive Public Safety Bill by the Socialist Party of Italy (PSI), supported by the Left and Extreme Left, Prime Minister Luigi Pelloux dissolves the Chamber of Deputies.
  • June

  • June 3 – First round of the Italian general election.
  • June 10 – Second round of the Italian general election. The Pelloux government fails to win a majority of seats. The "ministerial" left-wing bloc of the Historical Left led by Giovanni Giolitti remains the largest in Parliament, winning 296 of the 508 seats. The model of strong government advocated by the conservative Sidney Sonnino is discredited. More moderate politicians like Zanardelli and Giolitti resort back to more "conciliatory" politics.
  • June 18 – Prime Minister Pelloux resigns.
  • June 24 – Giuseppe Saracco forms a new government.
  • July

  • July 29 – King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by the Italo-American anarchist Gaetano Bresci in Monza. Bresci claimed to avenge the people killed during the 1898 Bava-Beccaris massacre. Umberto is succeeded by his son Victor Emmanuel III.
  • November

  • November 8 - Prime Minister Giuseppe Saracco signs the decree establishing the Saredo Inquiry, officially known as the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Naples (Reale Commissione d’Inchiesta per Napoli), presided by senator Giuseppe Saredo, tasked with investigating corruption and bad governance of the city of Naples and to investigate how huge amounts of money that had been poured into Naples after the cholera epidemic of 1884 had vanished without noticeable benefit for the city's poor.
  • December

  • December 5 - Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy sign a treaty providing that their navies would work together in the event of an attack on either nation by France or Russia.
  • Births

  • January 1 – Paola Borboni, Italian film actress (d. 1995)
  • March 28 – Fosco Giachetti, Italian actor (d. 1974)
  • April 14 – Salvatore Baccaloni, Italian operatic bass (d. 1969)
  • May 1 – Ignazio Silone, Italian author (d. 1978)
  • July 3 – Alessandro Blasetti, Italian film director and screenwriter who influenced Italian neorealism (d. 1987)
  • August 9 – Enrico Persico, Italian physicist (d. 1969)
  • November 29 – Nello Rosselli, Italian political leader, journalist, historian and anti-fascist activist in Giustizia e Libertà (d. 1937)
  • Deaths

  • January 9 – Francesco Cirio, Italian businessman (b. 1836)
  • January 18 – Domenico Farini, Italian politician (b. 1834)
  • July 29 – Umberto I, King of Italy (assassinated) (b. 1844)
  • October 17 – Luigi Ferraris, Italian politician (b. 1813)
  • November 10 – Luigi Centurini, Italian chess player (b. 1820)
  • December 2 – Consalvo Carelli, Italian landscape painter (b. 1818)
  • December 31 – Giuseppe Boccini, Italian architect (b. 1840)
  • References

    1900 in Italy Wikipedia


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