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1894 in film

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1894 in film

The following is an overview of the events of 1894 in film, including a list of films released and notable births.



  • January 7
  • William Kennedy Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
  • Thomas Edison films his assistant, Fred Ott sneezing with the Kinetoscope at the "Black Maria."
  • April 14 - The first commercial presentation of the Kinetoscope took place in the Holland Brothers' Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway, New York City.
  • June 6 - Charles Francis Jenkins projects a filmed motion picture before an audience in Richmond, Indiana. Earliest documented projection of a motion picture.
  • Thomas Edison experiments with synchronizing audio with film; the Kinetophone is invented which loosely synchronizes a Kinetoscope image with a cylinder phonograph.
  • Kinetoscope viewing parlors begin to open in major cities. Each parlor contains several machines.
  • Birt Acres creates a 70 mm format, which he first uses to shoot the Henley Royal Regatta.
  • Films by William K. L. Dickson

  • A Bar Room Scene
  • Alleni's Boxing Monkeys
  • Amateur Gymnast, No. 2
  • Annabelle Butterfly Dance, starring Annabelle Moore.
  • Annabelle Sun Dance, starring Annabelle Moore.
  • Annie Oakley, starring Annie Oakley.
  • Armand D'Ary, starring by Armand D'Ary.
  • Athlete with Wand.
  • Babies in High Chairs.
  • Band Drill, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson, wrote by Charles Hale Hoyt and starring by Frank Baldwin.
  • Bertoldi (Mouth Support), starring by Ena Bertoldi.
  • Bertoldi (Table Contortion), starring by Ena Bertoldi.
  • Boxing, starring by Jack McAuliffe.
  • Boxing Cats (Prof. Welton's), may be the first comedy film ever made.
  • Bucking Broncho, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson and starring by Frank Hammitt and Lee Martin.
  • Buffalo Bill, starring William F. Cody.
  • Buffalo Dance, starring by Hair Coat, Parts His Hair and Last Horse.
  • Caicedo (with Pole), starring by Juan A. Caicedo.
  • Caicedo (with Spurs), starring by Juan A. Caicedo.
  • Carmencita, starring by Carmencita.
  • Chinese Laundry Scene, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson and starring by Phil Doreto and Robetta.
  • Chinese Opium Den.
  • Cock Fight, No. 2, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson and starring by Henry Welton.
  • Corbett and Courtney Before the Kinetograph, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson and starring by James J. Corbett and Peter Courtney.
  • Cupid's Dance, starring by Florence Ewer, Lenora Ewer and Mildred Ewer.
  • Dance, starring by Rosa France, Frank Lawton and Etta Williamson.
  • Dance du Ventre.
  • Dickson Experimental Sound Film also starring by William K.L. Dickson.
  • Dogs Fighting.
  • Edison Employee Picnic.
  • Fancy Club Swinger, starring John R. Abell.
  • Finale of 1st Act, Hoyt's 'Milk White Flag'.
  • Fire Rescue Scene, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson
  • Fred Ott's Sneeze (also known as Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze) starring by Fred Ott.
  • Fred Ott Holding a Bird starring by Fred Ott.
  • French Dancers.
  • Glenroy Bros, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson. One of the earliest comedy films ever made.
  • Glenroy Brothers (Comic Boxing)
  • Hadj Cheriff, starring by Hadji Cheriff.
  • Highland Dance.
  • Human Pyramid, starring by Saleem Nassar.
  • The Hornbacker-Murphy Fight, starring by Eugene Hornbacker and Murphy.
  • Imperial Japanese Dance, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson and starring by The Sarashe Sisters.
  • Lady Fencers (With Broadswords), starring by Louise Blanchard and Helen Englehart
  • Lady Fencers (With Foils).
  • Lasso Exhibition, starring by Frank Hammitt and Lee Martin.
  • Lasso Thrower, starring by Vicente Oropeza.
  • Leonard-Cushing Fight, starring by Jack Cushing and Mike Leonard.
  • Luis Martinetti, Contortionist, starring by Luis Martinetti.
  • Man of a Thousand Faces, starring by George Layman.
  • May Lucas, starring by May Lucas.
  • Men on Parallel Bars.
  • Mexican Knife Duel, starring by Pedro Esquivel and Dionecio Gonzales.
  • Miss Lucy Murray, starring by Lucy Murray.
  • Mlle. Capitaine, starring by Alciede Capitaine.
  • Organ Grinder, No. 1 and Organ Grinder, No. 2.
  • Oriental Dance, starring by Rosa.
  • Rat Killing.
  • Rats and Terrier No. 2 and Rats and Terrier No. 3.
  • Rats and Weasel.
  • Ruth Dennis, starring by Ruth St. Denis.
  • Sandow (film), (Sandow No. 1) Souvenir Strip of the Edison Kinetoscope, Sandow No. 2 and Sandow No. 3, starring bu Eugen Sandow.
  • Sheik Hadji Tahar, starring by Sheik Hadji Tahar.
  • Sioux Ghost Dance, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson.
  • Summersault Dog, starring by Lucy the Dog and Ivan Tschernoff.
  • Sword Combat, starring by Najid and Saleem Nassar.
  • The Barbershop, directed by William Heise and William K. L. Dickson.
  • The Carnival Dance, starring by Madge Crossland, May Lucas and Lucy Murray.
  • The Cock Fight.
  • The Pickaninny Dance, from the 'Passing Show', starring by Joe Rastus, Denny Tolliver and Walter Wilkins.
  • The Widder, starring by Isabelle Coe.
  • The Wrestling Dog, starring by Henry Welton.
  • Topack and Steele, starring by George W. Steele and George Topack.
  • Toyou Kichi, starring by Toyou Kichi.
  • Trained Bears
  • Trapeze
  • Unsuccessful Somersault
  • Walton and Slavin No. 1, Walton and Slavin No. 2, Walton and Slavin No. 3 and Walton and Slavin No. 4 starring by John Slavin and Charles F. Walton.
  • Whirlwind Gun Spinning, starring by Hadj Lessik.
  • Wonderful Performing Dog, starring by Lucy the Dog and Ivan Tschernoff.
  • Wrestling Match.
  • Films directed by other filmmakers

  • Autour d'une cabine, animated short film directed by Charles-Émile Reynaud.
  • Crows on Saffron Hill, directed by Birt Acres.
  • Falling Cat, directed by Étienne-Jules Marey.
  • Haycart Crossing Hadley Green, Middlesex, directed by Birt Acres.
  • Miss Jerry, directed by Alexander Black and starring by Blanche Bayliss, William Courtenay and Chauncey Depew.
  • Rêve au coin du feu, directed by Charles-Émile Reynaud.
  • Births

  • January 3 - ZaSu Pitts, American actress (d. 1963)
  • February 8 - King Vidor, American actor and director (d. 1982)
  • February 14 - Jack Benny, American comedian (d. 1974)
  • May 20 - Estelle Taylor, American actress (d. 1958)
  • May 26 - Norma Talmadge, American actress (d. 1957)
  • June 16 - Norman Kerry, American actor (d. 1956)
  • July 25 - Walter Brennan, American actor (d. 1974)
  • July 27 - Mientje Kling, Dutch actress (d. 1966)
  • September 15 - Jean Renoir, French director (d. 1979)
  • September 26 - Gladys Brockwell, American actress (d. 1929)
  • September 27 - Olive Tell, American actress (d. 1951)
  • October 7 - Del Lord, Canadian pioneer Hollywood director (d. 1970)
  • October 20 - Olive Thomas, American actress (d. 1920)
  • October 27 - Agda Helin, Swedish actress (d. 1984)
  • November 9 - Mae Marsh, American actress (d. 1968)
  • November 13 - Nita Naldi, American actress (d. 1961)
  • December 8 - Marthe Vinot, French actress (d. 1974)
  • Debut

  • Annabelle Whitford (Annabelle Sun Dance)
  • William Courtenay (Miss Jerry)
  • References

    1894 in film Wikipedia

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