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1879 Gansu earthquake

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Magnitude  8.0 Ms
Max. intensity  XI (Extreme)
Foreshocks  Yes
Areas affected  China, Gansu
Landslides  Many
1879 Gansu earthquake
Date  July 1, 1879 (1879-07-01)

The 1879 Gansu earthquake occurred at about 04:00 local time on 1 July. It had an estimated magnitude of 8.0 on the surface wave magnitude scale and a maximum perceived intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The epicenter was in Wudu District in southern Gansu, close to the border with Sichuan. It caused widespread damage and killed an estimated 22,000 people.

Contents

Earthquake

The earthquake was preceded by foreshocks in the few days before the mainshock.

The meizoseismal area extends 70 km in a SSW-NNE direction and is 30 km across. The earthquake may have been caused by movement on the SSW-NNE trending Fanjiaba-Linjiang Fault. This fault correlates well with a 30 km long lineament seen on satellite images. The similarly oriented Hanan-Daoqizi-Maopola fault zone has also been proposed as a likely candidate.

The earthquake triggered many landslides and caused the formation of several natural dams 40 to 120 m high.

Damage

In Wudu city there were a total of 9,881 casualties, with many houses damaged and about half of the livestock killed. Large parts of the city walls were badly damaged and 60 temples were destroyed at Wanshou Hill. In Wenxian and the surrounding villages 10,792 people were killed. Many homes were destroyed and the city walls collapsed.

References

1879 Gansu earthquake Wikipedia


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