|Covid-19|May 1 – Opening of first railway in Burma (Myanmar), from Rangoon (Yangon) to Prome (Pyay) (257 km (160 mi) of metre gauge).
July 14 – Workers on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad walk off their jobs in an act that is seen as the start of the great railroad strike of 1877.
July 16 – Railroad workers on strike in Martinsburg, West Virginia, derail and loot a train; United States President Rutherford B. Hayes calls in Federal troops to break the strike.
July 19 – The New York and Manhattan Beach Railway (later absorbed by the Long Island Rail Road) opens.
July 20 – Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers riot in Baltimore, Maryland. Nine railroad employees are killed as the Maryland militia attempts to quell the riot.
July 21 – Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, stage a sympathy strike for the workers killed in Baltimore, Maryland the day before. Rioting erupts throughout Pittsburgh as a result.
July 24 – Joel Tiffany is awarded U.S. Patent 193,357 for his design of the first successful refrigerator car.
August 31 – The first 2 ft (610 mm) gauge narrow gauge railroad in America, the Billerica and Bedford Railroad, begins operations.
November 4 – Opening of Gustave Eiffel's Maria Pia Bridge carrying the railway across the Douro into Porto, Portugal.
December 27 – The Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway opens, traversing a route from Montreal through Lachute to Hull.
Tracks of the Southern Pacific Railroad from Los Angeles, cross the Colorado River at Yuma, Arizona.
William Henry Vanderbilt, son of Cornelius Vanderbilt, is promoted to President of the New York Central system.
Second railway in Estonia connecting Tapa (on the Tallinn–Saint Petersburg line) with Tartu, the biggest city in Southern Estonia (at this time in the Governorate of Livonia) is opened.
Approximate date – Ephraim Shay develops the first Shay locomotive.
March 7 – Walter Kidde, president of New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway 1937–1943 (d. 1943).
Edgar Alcock, general manager and chairman of Hunslet Engine Company of Leeds, England (d. 1951).
January 4 – Cornelius Vanderbilt, American financier who created the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad from the merger of several smaller New York railroads (b. 1794).
April 22 – James P. Kirkwood, designer of Starrucca Viaduct (b. 1807).
August 3 – William Butler Ogden, president of the Chicago and North Western Railway (b. 1805).
September 2 – Alvin Adams, founder of Adams Express, one of the first LCL freight companies in the United States, dies (b. 1804).
Oliver Ames, Jr., president of Union Pacific Railroad 1866–1871, brother of Oakes Ames (b. 1807).
Matthew Baird, second owner of Baldwin Locomotive Works (b. 1817).
Jean-Jacques Meyer, French-born steam locomotive designer (b. 1804)
1877 in rail transport Wikipedia
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1877.