Prince of Wales — Albert Edward
Princess of Wales — Alexandra
24 February — In a mining accident at Pentre Colliery, Rhondda, 38 men are killed.
21 March — Welsh-born journalist Henry Morton Stanley sets out for Africa to seek missing Scottish explorer and missionary Dr. David Livingstone.
June — Miners' strike in South Wales culminates in defeat for the union.
10 November — Stanley locates Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika, and allegedly greets him saying "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"
Lewis Jones is appointed governor of Chubut Province by the government of Argentina.
David Davies Llandinam constructs a railway from Caersws to the Van lead mines.
Henry Hussey Vivian opens the White Rock lead treatment works in Swansea.
Evan Jones (Gurnos) wins a bardic chair at Ystradyfodwg.
W. R. Ambrose — Hynafiaethau, Cofiannau a Hanes Presennol Nant Nantlle, y Traethawd Buddugol yn Eisteddfod Gadeiriol Pen-y-groes
Robert Fowler, MD — A Complete History of the Case of the Welsh Fasting-Girl
James Kenward — Ab Ithel
John Thomas (Pencerdd Gwalia) is appointed harpist to Queen Victoria.
Rugby union — Neath RFC is founded.
5 January — Percy Lloyd, Wales national rugby player (died 1959)
23 February — Jack Evans, Wales national rugby player (died 1924)
2 March — Billy Bancroft, sportsman (died 1959)
28 March — Silyn Roberts, Socialist and pacifist writer (died 1930)
1 April - Dai St. John, heavyweight boxer (died 1899)
6 April — Prince Alexander John of Wales, youngest son of the Prince and Princess of Wales (died 1871)
12 April — Ellis William Davies, politician (died 1939)
15 April — John Humphreys Davies, writer (died 1926)
11 May — George Howells, academic and writer (died 1955)
6 June — Evan Lloyd, Wales international rugby player (died 1951)
14 June — David Nicholl, rugby player (died 1918)
July - Owen Jones, footballer (died 1955)
2 July — Sir Evan Williams, 1st Baronet, industrialist (died 1959)
3 July — W. H. Davies, poet (died 1940)
13 August — Jack Elliott, Wales international rugby player (died 1938)
21 September — Alfred Brice, Wales international rugby player (died 1938)
1 October — Sir Lewis Lougher, industrialist and politician (died 1955)
10 October — Thomas Gwynn Jones, poet (died 1949)
3 November — Owen Badger, Wales national rugby player (died 1939)
27 November — Robert Evans (Cybi), writer (died 1956)
1 December — Bert Dauncey, Wales international rugby player (died 1955)
3 December — Sir Percy Emerson Watkins, civil servant (died 1946)
William Jenkins, politician (died 1944)
Howard Passadoro, footballer (died 1921)
Thomas Mardy Rees, historian and author (died 1953)
19 January — Thomas Jeremy Griffiths, minister, hymn-writer and teacher
30 January — Edward Howell, US politician of Welsh descent, 78
2 August — David James (Dewi o Ddyfed), writer (born 1803)
6 October — Edwin Wyndham-Quin, 3rd Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl, 59
1871 in Wales Wikipedia
This article is about the particular significance of the year 1871 to Wales and its people.