Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

1871 in South Africa

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1871 in South Africa


  • 27 October – British forces marched into Klipdrift Republic and annexed the territory calling it Griqualand West colony
  • Unknown date
  • Gold is discovered in the Pilgrim's Rest area.
  • An 83.50 carats (16.700 g) diamond is discovered and leads to a diamond rush. The town of New Rush springs up.
  • A mail route is established from Cape Town to the diamond fields.
  • Britain annexes the diamond fields of Kimberley and Griqualand West.
  • Griqua claims to the diamond fields are recognised and Griqua leader Waterboer seeks British protection.
  • Diamond mining stimulates migrant labour, with two-thirds of the black workers coming from Limpopo valley.
  • Births

  • 9 January – Eugène Nielen Marais, lawyer, naturalist, poet and writer, is born in Pretoria.
  • Deaths

  • 4 October – Sarel Cilliers (70), Voortrekker leader and preacher, dies on his farm near Lindley, Free State
  • Railway lines opened

  • 18 February – Namaqualand – Port Nolloth to Muishondfontein, 44 miles 40 chains (71.6 kilometres).
  • Locomotives

  • Two 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge 0-6-0 tank locomotives are placed in service by the Cape of Good Hope Copper Mining Company, the first steam locomotives to enter service on the hitherto mule-powered Namaqualand Railway between Port Nolloth and the Namaqualand copper mines around O'okiep in the Cape Colony.
  • References

    1871 in South Africa Wikipedia

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