Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1805 in the United Kingdom

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1805 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1805 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. This is the year of the Battle of Trafalgar.

Contents

Incumbents

  • Monarch - George III
  • Prime Minister - William Pitt the Younger (Tory)
  • Events

  • 20 January - London Docks open.
  • 21 February - Charles Manners-Sutton confirmed as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 18 April - Ordnance Survey begins systematic publication its General Survey of England and Wales ("Old Series") maps to a scale of one inch to the mile (1:63,360) with those for Essex.
  • 4 June - The first Trooping the Colour ceremony at the Horse Guards Parade in London.
  • 3 August - The annual cricket match between Eton College and Harrow School is played for the first time.
  • 21 October - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Trafalgar - British naval fleet led by Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain. Admiral Nelson is fatally shot.
  • 6 November - News of the victory at Trafalgar and Nelson's death reaches London.
  • 26 November - The Ellesmere Canal's Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is opened in Wales, the tallest and longest in Britain.
  • Ongoing

  • Anglo-Spanish War, 1796–1808
  • Napoleonic Wars, 1803–1815
  • Publications

  • John Dalton's paper "On the Absorption of Gases by Water and Other Liquids". Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, 2nd series 1: pp. 271–87, including the first published list of relative atomic masses.
  • Walter Scott's narrative poem The Lay of the Last Minstrel.
  • First printed version of the folk song "Bobby Shafto's Gone to Sea" in its modern (Tyneside) version.
  • Births

  • 27 January - Samuel Palmer, artist (died 1881)
  • 8 March - Rayner Stephens, Scottish-born radical reformer and Methodist minister (died 1879)
  • 20 March - Thomas Cooper, Chartist, poet and religious lecturer (died 1892)
  • 5 July - Robert FitzRoy, admiral and meteorologist (suicide 1865)
  • 29 August - Frederick Maurice, theologian (died 1872)
  • 22 December - John Obadiah Westwood, entomologist (died 1893)
  • Deaths

  • 2 January - Alexander Wedderburn, 1st Earl of Rosslyn, Lord Chancellor (born 1733)
  • 3 January - Charles Towneley, antiquary (born 1737)
  • 30 January - John Robison, physicist (born 1739)
  • 18 January - John Moore, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1730)
  • 2 February - Thomas Banks, sculptor (born 1735)
  • 25 February
  • William Buchan, doctor (born 1729)
  • Thomas Pownall, colonial statesman (born 1722)
  • 7 May - William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister (born 1737)
  • 25 May - William Paley, philosopher (born 1743)
  • 3 August - Christopher Anstey, writer (born 1724)
  • 28 August - Alexander Carlyle, church leader (born 1722)
  • 5 October - Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, general (born 1738)
  • 21 October - Horatio Nelson, admiral (mortally wounded in battle) (born 1758)
  • References

    1805 in the United Kingdom Wikipedia