Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).
July 21 – Greenock Burns Club established to honour the memory of Scottish poet Robert Burns (died 1796).
The second edition of Specimens of the Early English Poets, edited by George Ellis and covering poems from the Old English through to the 17th century, is influential in acquainting the general reading public with Middle English poetry, going through a further 4 editions.
Hindusthani Press established in Calcutta, India by John Gilchrist.
Lucy Aikin, editor and contributor, Poetry for Children, includes poems by John Dryden, Alexander Pope and Anna Barbauld (anthology)
William Lisle Bowles, The Sorrows of Switzerland
Sir James Burges, Richard the First
Robert Burns, Poems Ascribed to Robert Burns (posthumous)
Hannah Cowley, The Siege of Acre
George Dyer, Poems
George Ellis, ed., Specimens of the Early English Poets, 2nd ed.
James Hogg, Scottish Pastorals, Poems, Songs
Matthew Gregory Lewis, editor, Tales of Wonder, anthology of fantasy and horror poetry, London: "Printed by W. Bulmer...for the Author"
Corruption and Intolerance, published anonymously
The Poetical Works of the Late Thomas Little
Henry James Pye, Alfred
William Barnes Rhodes, The Satires of Juvenal
Robert Southey, Thalaba the Destroyer
William Wordsworth and S. T. Coleridge, Lyrical Ballads, with Other Poems, including "Preface to the Lyrical Ballads", two volumes; first volume, under Wordsworth's name but containing poems by Coleridge, published in 1801, although book states "1800"
Paul Allen, Original Poems, Serious and Entertaining
St. John Honeywood, Poems by St. John Honeywood ... With Some Pieces in Prose, New York: T. & J. Swords, United States
John Blair Linn, The Powers of Genius, popular poem with heroic couplets in three parts
Jonathan Mitchell Sewall, Miscellaneous Poems, many of them patriotic and political, including "Profiles of Eminent Men"
Isaac Story, A Parnassian Shop, Opened in the Pindaric Stile, by Peter Quince, Esq., satirical verses against the Democratic Republicans, written in the style of "Peter Pindar" (John Wolcot)
Vinayaka Bhatta, Angreja Candrika, Sanskrit poem on the glory of the British
Mal (Jaina poet), Satbandhava Rasa, long, narrative Gujarati-language poem
Krishna Kaur Mishra, Sriyanka, Sanskrit epic in 16 cantos about the early history of the Sikhs
1801 in poetry Wikipedia
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:March 14 (March 2 O.S.) – Kristjan Jaak Peterson (died 1822), "father of Estonian poetry"
February 21 – John Henry Newman (died 1890), English Roman Catholic cardinal, theologian, author and poet
February 22 – William Barnes (died 1886), English writer, poet, minister, and philologist
June 24 – Caroline Clive, also known as "Caroline Wigley Clive" (died 1873), English
date not known – Kaviyo Ramnath (died about 1879), Indian, Rajasthani-language poet
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:January 2 – Johann Kaspar Lavater (born 1741), Swiss clergyman, philosopher, writer and poet
January 9 – Margaretta Faugères (born 1771, American playwright, poet and political activist
February 6 – Annis Boudinot Stockton (born 1736), American poet and sponsor of literary salons
February 23 – Elizabeth Graeme Fergusson (born 1737), American poet and sponsor of literary salons
March 14 – Ignacy Krasicki (born 1735), Polish Enlightenment poet ("the Prince of Poets"), Poland's La Fontaine, author of the first Polish novel, playwright, journalist, encyclopedist and translator from French and Greek
March 25 – Friedrich von Hardenberg (born 1772), German writer, poet, mystic, philosopher and civil engineer
March 25 – Novalis (born 1772), writer, poet and philosopher of early German Romanticism
May 10 – Richard Gall (born 1776), Scottish
August 11 – Félix María de Samaniego (born 1745), Spanish
November 5 – Motoori Norinaga 本居宣長 (born 1730), Japanese Edo period scholar of Kokugaku, physician and poet
December 23 – James Hurdis (born 1763), English clergyman and poet
Jean Glover (born 1758), Scottish poet and singer, died in Ireland
Lemuel Hopkins (born 1750), American