February – Samuel Taylor Coleridge writes the conversation poem "Frost at Midnight".
April – Coleridge writes the conversation poems "Fears in Solitude" ("Written ... During the Alarm of an Invasion" and published soon afterwards in a pamphlet) and "The Nightingale".
April 16 – Coleridge's "The Recantation: An Ode" is published in The Morning Post, describing his disillusionment with the French Revolution.
April 30 – Richard Cumberland's comedy The Eccentric Lover is first performed at the Covent Garden Theatre in London.
September 18 – First publication of William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge's anonymous Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems in Bristol, marking the beginning of English literary Romanticism. Most of the poems are by Wordsworth, including Lines composed a few miles above Tintern Abbey on revisiting the banks of the Wye during a tour, 13 July 1798, but also including the first publication of Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancyent Marinere. First London publication is on October 4.
October 11 – Elizabeth Inchbald's Lovers' Vows (adapted from Kotzebue's Das Kind der Liebe) is first performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London.
October 12 – The rebuilt Weimarer Hoftheater is inaugurated with the first performance of the first part of Friedrich Schiller's dramatic trilogy Wallenstein, Das Lager ("The Camp"), directed by Goethe.
Publication of Ivan Kotliarevsky's mock-heroic poem Eneyida (Енеїда), the first printed work in the modern Ukrainian language.
The National Library of the Netherlands originates when the Batavian Republic opens the former library of the stadtholder to the public.
The Académie française publishes the 5th edition of its Dictionnaire.
Thomas Nelson (publisher) originates in Edinburgh as a second-hand religious bookshop.
Charles Brockden Brown
Alcuin: a Dialogue
Wieland: or, The Transformation; an American Tale
Emily Clark – Ianthé, or the Flower of Caernarvon
Francis Lathom – The Midnight Bell: a German story, founded on incidents in real life
Regina Maria Roche – Clermont: a Tale
Eleanor Sleath – The Orphan of the Rhine: a romance
Mary Wollstonecraft – Posthumous Works (edited by William Godwin) including Maria: or, The Wrongs of Woman
François Guillaume Ducray-Duminil – Cœlina, ou l'Enfant du mystère (Celina, or the Mystery Child)
Edward Augustus Kendall
Keeper's Travels in Search of His Master
The Sparrow. A Tale
Richmal Mangnall (anonymously) – Historical and Miscellaneous Questions for the Use of Young People (often known as Mangnall's Questions)
Samuel Jackson Pratt – Pity's Gift: a collection of interesting tales, to excite the compassion of youth for the animal creation (Selected by a Lady)
Richard Cumberland – The Eccentric Lover
Elizabeth Inchbald – Lovers' Vows
Friedrich von Schiller – Wallensteins Lager
Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth – Lyrical Ballads
Richard Polwhele (anonymously) – The Unsex'd Females
Nathan Drake – Literary Hours
William Godwin – Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Thomas Malthus (anonymously) – An Essay on the Principle of Population
Hannah Webster Foster – The Boarding School; or, Lessons of a Preceptress to Her Pupils
January 5 – David Macbeth Moir, Scottish poet and humorist (died 1851)
January 29 – Henry Neele, English poet and scholar (died 1828)
February 12 – Catherine Gore, English novelist and dramatist (died 1861)
February 17 – Auguste Comte, French philosopher (died 1857)
March 30 – Luise Hensel, German religious author and poet (died 1876)
June 29 – Count Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet, essayist and philologist (died 1837)
June 4 – Giacomo Casanova, Italian librarian and memoirist (born 1725)
June 20 – Jeremy Belknap, American historian of New Hampshire (born 1744)
December 16 – Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist and travel writer (born 1726)
Unknown date – Madeleine de Puisieux, French philosopher and feminist writer (born 1720)
1798 in literature Wikipedia
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1798.