Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).
April 9 – Portuguese poet Pedro Correia Garção is arrested and committed to prison (where he will die) by Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pombal.
English poet William Mason is employed to lay out a flower garden at Nuneham Courtenay in Oxfordshire by Viscount Nuneham.
Jane Dunlap, Poems upon Several Sermons Preached by the Rev'd George Whitefield, Colonial Massachusetts
Levi Frisbie, "A Poem on the Rise and Progress of Moor's Indian Charity School", English, Colonial America
John Trumbull, "An Elegy on the Death of Mr. Buckingham St. John", English, Colonial America
James Beattie, The Minstrel; or, The Progress of Genius, Book 1, (Book 2: The English Garden 1774, in 4 volumes 1771–1781)
James Cawthorn, Poems
John Langhorne, The Fables of Flora
Henry Mackenzie, Pursuits of Happiness, published anonymously after a stay in London; Scottish
Thomas Percy, The Hermit of Warkworth, published anonymously
Henry James Pye, The Triumph of Fashion
John Wesley, The Works of the Rev. John Wesley, published in 32 volumes (1771–1774) by the Methodist divine and hymn writer
Phillis Wheatley, an elegy to George Whitefield first published (shortly after his death) in Colonial America in 1770, where it received widespread acclaim. It was published within weeks of his death as a broadside in Boston, then in Newport, Rhode Island, then four more times in Boston and a dozen more times in New York, Philadelphia and Newport.
Ambrosius Stub, Arier og andre poetiske Stykker ("Arier and Other Poetic Works"), edited by T. S. Heiberg; Denmark, posthumous
Christoph Martin Wieland, Der neue Amadis ("New Amadis"), a comic poem in 18 cantos; Germany
1771 in poetry Wikipedia
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:March 21 – Thomas John Dibdin (died 1841), English dramatist and song-writer
June 3 – Sydney Smith (died 1845), English writer, wit and Anglican clergyman
August 15 – Walter Scott (died 1832), Scottish poet and historical novelist
November 4 – James Montgomery (died 1854), Scottish editor and poet
November 11 – Thomas Green Fessenden, (died 1837), American
December 25 – Dorothy Wordsworth (died 1855), English author, poet and diarist
Bankidas Asiya (died 1833), Rajasthani poet and scholar
Liang Desheng (died 1847), Chinese poet and writer during the Qing Dynasty
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:July 30 – Thomas Gray (born 1716), English poet, classical scholar and professor at Cambridge University; died in Cambridge, then buried beside his mother in the churchyard of Stoke Poges, the setting for his famous 1750 poem, Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
May 21 – Christopher Smart (born 1722), English poet
August 19 – Daniel Schiebeler (born 1741), German writer and poet
September 13 – John Gambold (born 1711), Anglo-Welsh bishop of the Moravian church and poet
September 17 – Tobias Smollett (born 1721), Scottish poet and author
October 2 – James Plumptre (died 1832), English clergyman, dramatist and hymnodist
December 23 – Johann Friedrich Löwen (born 1727), German poet, intellectual, drama theorist and at one time a confidant of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
Francis Williams (born 1702), black Jamaican scholar and poet