Puneet Varma

1714

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1714


1714 (MDCCXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Julian calendar, the 1714th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 714th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1714, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

January–June

  • March 7 – Treaty of Rastatt signed between Austria and France concluding the War of the Spanish Succession between them. Austria receives from Spain, Spanish territories in Italy – the Kingdom of Naples, Duchy of Milan and Kingdom of Sardinia – as well as the Southern Netherlands; and from France Freiburg and Landau. The Austrian Habsburg Empire reaches its largest territorial extent yet with Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, succeeding Philip V of Spain as ruler in the ceded territories.
  • May 19 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain, refuses to allow members of the House of Hanover to settle in Britain during her lifetime.
  • July–December

  • July – Longitude prize: The Parliament of Great Britain votes "to offer a reward for such person or persons as shall discover the Longitude." (£10,000 for any method capable of determining a ship's longitude within 1 degree; £15,000, within 40 minutes, and £20,000 within ½ a degree.)
  • July 27 – The Imperial Russian Navy gains its first important victory, against the Swedish Navy in the Battle of Gangut.
  • August 1 – George, elector of Hanover becomes King George I of Great Britain and Ireland on the death of Queen Anne.
  • September 11 – War of the Spanish Succession: Barcelona taken after a long siege and Catalonia surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies.
  • December 9 – Ottoman–Venetian War (1714–1718): The Ottoman Empire declares war on the Republic of Venice.
  • Date unknown

  • Archbishop Tenison's School, the world's earliest surviving mixed gender school, is established by Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury, in Croydon, south of London, England.
  • Louis Juchereau de St. Denis establishes Fort St. Jean Baptiste at the site of present day Natchitoches, Louisiana (the first permanent European settlement in the Louisiana Territory, after Biloxi (1699) and Mobile, Alabama (1702) were separated).
  • Worcester College, University of Oxford is founded (formerly Gloucester College, closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries).
  • Stockholm County founded.
  • Redirection of the river Kander (Switzerland) into Lake Thun.
  • Births

  • January 1
  • Kristijonas Donelaitis, Prussian Lithuanian Lutheran pastor, poet, author of The Seasons (d. 1780)
  • Giovanni Battista Mancini, Italian soprano castrato, voice teacher and author of books on singing (d. 1800)
  • January 6
  • John Christopher Hartwick, Lutheran minister in Colonial America and founder of Hartwick College (d. 1796)
  • Percivall Pott (d. 1788)
  • January 9 – Elisabeth Stierncrona, Swedish noble (d. 1769)
  • January 10 – Johann Georg Dominicus von Linprun, German scientist (d. 1787)
  • January 16
  • Francis V de Beauharnais, French nobleman, soldier, politician, colonial governor and admiral. (d. 1800)
  • Carl Jesper Benzelius, Swedish bishop (d. 1793)
  • January 20 – Hugh Farmer, British theologian (d. 1787)
  • January 21 – Anna Morandi Manzolini, internationally known anatomist and anatomical wax modeler (d. 1774)
  • January 24 – Henri Joseph Bouchard d'Esparbès de Lussan d'Aubeterre, Marshal of France (d. 1788)
  • January 26 – Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, French sculptor (d. 1785)
  • February 1
  • Nicolaus Christian Friis, Priest and writer (d. 1777)
  • Ralph Verney, 2nd Earl Verney, Irish Earl (d. 1791)
  • February 2 – Gottfried August Homilius, German composer, cantor and organist (d. 1785)
  • February 5 – Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch, German botanist (d. 1786)
  • February 11 – Count Karl-Wilhelm Finck von Finckenstein, German-Prussian diplomat and later Prime Minister of Prussia (d. 1800)
  • February 12 – Sebastian Sailer, Premonstratensian preacher and writer (d. 1777)
  • February 14 – William Vane, 2nd Viscount Vane, Irish Viscount (d. 1789)
  • February 18 – John Howe, 2nd Baron Chedworth, eldest son of John Howe (d. 1762)
  • February 22
  • Louis-Georges de Bréquigny (d. 1795)
  • Sarah Osborn, American writer (d. 1796)
  • February 25
  • René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou (d. 1792)
  • Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, Royal Navy vice admiral (d. 1782)
  • February 26 – James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • February 28 – Gioacchino Conti, Italian opera singer (d. 1761)
  • March 1 – Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Menshikov, Russian army officer (d. 1764)
  • March 2 – John Hamilton (Royal Navy officer), Royal Navy officer (d. 1755)
  • March 6 – Jean-Baptiste Marie Pierre, French painter (d. 1789)
  • March 7 – Charles Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort, German nobleman, head of the House of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort (d. 1789)
  • March 8 – Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Classical composer (d. 1788)
  • March 11 – Cornelis Elout, Haarlem regent (d. 1779)
  • March 17 – Maximilian Reichsgraf von Hamilton, Catholic bishop (d. 1776)
  • March 19 – Aymar Joseph de Roquefeuil et du Bousquet, French admiral (d. 1782)
  • March 21 – Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, British judge (d. 1794)
  • March 25
  • Friedrich Christian Glume, German artist (d. 1752)
  • Matthew Griswold (governor), 17th Governor of Connecticut from 1784 to 1786 (d. 1799)
  • March 27 – Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian (d. 1795)
  • March 29 – Mahadhammaraza Dipadi, last king of Toungoo dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1733 to 1752 (d. 1754)
  • April 1 – Jean-François de Neufforge, Flemish architect and engraver (d. 1791)
  • April 7 – John Elwes (politician), British politician (d. 1789)
  • April 14 – Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (d. 1788)
  • April 15 – Claude Yvon, French encyclopedist (d. 1791)
  • April 16 – Pedro António Avondano, Italian composer (d. 1782)
  • April 18 – Jacques-Nompar III de Caumont, duc de La Force, French nobleman (d. 1755)
  • April 25 – Emer de Vattel, Swiss philosopher (d. 1767)
  • May 6
  • Anton Raaff, German opera tenor (d. 1797)
  • James Townley, British dramatist (d. 1778)
  • May 10 – Sophie Charlotte Ackermann, German actress from Berlin (d. 1792)
  • May 12 – Johan Daniel Berlin, Norwegian composer and organist (d. 1787)
  • May 14 – William Whitmore (British Army officer), British general (d. 1771)
  • May 17 – Princess Anne Charlotte of Lorraine, French royal (d. 1773)
  • May 20 – Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British lawyer and politician (d. 1794)
  • June 3 – John Conder, Independent minister at Cambridge who later became President of the Independent College (d. 1781)
  • June 6 – Joseph I of Portugal, Prince of Brazil (d. 1777)
  • June 17 – César-François Cassini de Thury, French astronomer and cartographer (d. 1784)
  • June 23 – Giovanni Sarnelli, Italian painter (d. 1793)
  • July 1 – Michael Lally (brigadier-general), brigadier-general (d. 1773)
  • July 2 – Christoph Willibald Gluck, German composer (d. 1787)
  • July 8
  • Friedrich Gottfried Abel, German physician (d. 1794)
  • Pieter van Reede van Oudtshoorn, Dutch administrator of the Cape Colony (d. 1773)
  • July 12 – Mikhail Illarionovich Vorontsov, Russian noble and politician (d. 1767)
  • July 16 – Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer (d. 1800)
  • July 17
  • Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (d. 1762)
  • John Forbes (Royal Navy officer), Royal Navy admiral of the fleet (d. 1796)
  • July 21 – Grand Duchess Natalya Alexeyevna of Russia (1714–1728), Russian grand duchess (d. 1728)
  • August 1
  • Edward Penny, British painter (d. 1791)
  • Richard Wilson (painter), Landscape painter (d. 1782)
  • August 3 – William Cole (antiquary), British antiquarian (d. 1782)
  • August 14 – Claude Joseph Vernet, French painter (d. 1789)
  • August 15 – Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl Stanhope, British Earl (d. 1786)
  • August 18 – Landgravine Caroline of Hesse-Rotenburg, German noble (d. 1741)
  • August 23 – Hans Jacob Scheel, Norwegian general (d. 1774)
  • August 28
  • Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick, Russian general (d. 1774)
  • Jean-Baptiste Descamps, Flemish painter and art historian (d. 1791)
  • August 29 – Princess Friederike Luise of Prussia, Prussian princess (d. 1784)
  • September 1 – Samuel Martin (Secretary to the Treasury), British politician (d. 1788)
  • September 10 – Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (d. 1774)
  • September 17 – Gottlieb Rabener, German writer of prose satires (d. 1771)
  • September 19 – Charles Humphreys, miller and statesman from Haverford Township (d. 1786)
  • September 23 – Eugene Jean, Count of Soissons, Prince of Savoy (d. 1734)
  • September 24 – Alaungpaya, King of Burma (d. 1760)
  • September 29
  • Petrus Albertus van der Parra, Dutch colonial governor (d. 1775)
  • Johann Joachim Schwabe, German poet (d. 1784)
  • September 30 – Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French academic (d. 1780)
  • October 1
  • Georg David Anthon, Danish architect (d. 1781)
  • António of Braganza, Child of Palhavã, Portuguese nobleman (d. 1800)
  • October 3 – Joseph Spencer, American general (d. 1789)
  • October 14 – Christoph Anton Migazzi, Catholic bishop (d. 1803)
  • October 16 – Giovanni Arduino (geologist), Italian geologist (d. 1795)
  • October 19 – Joseph von Petrasch, German philologist (d. 1772)
  • October 25 – James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge, scholar of language evolution and philosopher (d. 1799)
  • October 26 – Princess Marie Victoire d'Arenberg, the Margravine of Baden-Baden as consort of Augustus George (d. 1793)
  • October 27 – Fernando de Silva, 12th Duke of Alba, Spanish duke (d. 1776)
  • October 31 – Hedvig Taube (d. 1744)
  • November 1 – Johann Joachim Spalding, German theologian (d. 1804)
  • November 2 – Camillo Almici, Priest (d. 1779)
  • November 3 – Anica Bošković, Ragusan writer (d. 1804)
  • November 4 – John Boyle, 3rd Earl of Glasgow, Scottish nobleman (d. 1775)
  • November 10 – Mathieu Tillet, French botanist (d. 1791)
  • November 18 – William Shenstone, English poet and landscape gardener (d. 1763)
  • November 24 – Thomas Zebrowski, Jesuit scientist (d. 1758)
  • November 26 – Pierre-François Brice, artist (d. 1794)
  • November 27 – Jean Philippe Goujon de Grondel, French general (d. 1819)
  • December 1 – Pierre Gaultier de La Vérendrye, Explorer (d. 1755)
  • December 3 – Edward Pickard, British minister (d. 1778)
  • December 4 – Israel Acrelius, Swedish missionary and clergyman (d. 1800)
  • December 14 – Leonard Lispenard, American politician (d. 1790)
  • December 15 – Étienne Mignot de Montigny, French engineer and geographer (d. 1782)
  • December 16 – George Whitefield, English Anglican priest (d. 1770)
  • December 18
  • Philippine Élisabeth d'Orléans, French princess (d. 1734)
  • Nikolaus I, Prince Esterházy, Hungarian prince (d. 1790)
  • December 19 – John Winthrop (educator), 2nd Hollis Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Harvard College (d. 1779)
  • December 21
  • John Bradstreet, British Army officer during King George's War (d. 1774)
  • Paschen von Cossel, German lawyer (d. 1805)
  • December 23
  • Ranieri de' Calzabigi, Italian poet and librettist (d. 1795)
  • William Howard, Viscount Andover, British MP (d. 1756)
  • December 31
  • Michel Ferdinand d'Albert d'Ailly, French astronomer (d. 1769)
  • Arima Yoriyuki, Daimyo (d. 1783)
  • Deaths

  • January 5 – Mamia III Gurieli, Prince of Guria
  • February 2 – John Sharp, English Archbishop of Yorkshire (b. 1643)
  • February 24 – Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (b. 1637)
  • April 15 – Esther Liebmann, German banker (b. 1649)
  • May 15 – Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar (b. c. 1665)
  • May 18 – Ivan Botsis, Russian admiral of Greek origin (unknown birth date)
  • May 30 – Gottfried Arnold, German church historian (b. 1666)
  • June 8 – Electress Sophia of Hanover, heir to the throne of Great Britain (b. 1630)
  • June 22 – Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (b. 1662)
  • August 1 – Anne, Queen of Great Britain (b. 1665)
  • August 26 – Constantin Brâncoveanu, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1654)
  • August 26 – Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
  • September 20 – Anna Waser, Swiss painter (b. 1678)
  • October – Raja Sitaram Ray, autonomous king, vassal of the Mughal Empire
  • October 5 – Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
  • October 10 – Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist (b. 1646)
  • November 5 – Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (b. 1633)
  • December 10 – Anthony Günther, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (b. 1653)
  • date unknown – Julianna Géczy, Hungarian heroine (b. 1680)
  • References

    1714 Wikipedia


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