Puneet Varma (Editor)

1564

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1564

Year 1564 (MDLXIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

January–June

  • January 26 – Battle of Ula (Livonian War): A Lithuanian surprise attack results in a decisive defeat of the numerically superior Russian forces.
  • March 25 – Battle of Angol in Chile: Spanish Conquistador Lorenzo Bernal del Mercado defeats and kills the toqui Illangulién.
  • June 22 – French settlers abandon Charlesfort, the first French attempt at colonizing what is now the United States, and establish Fort Caroline in Florida.
  • July–December

  • July – English merchant Anthony Jenkinson returns to London from his second expedition to the Grand Duchy of Moscow, having gained a considerable extension of trading rights for the English Muscovy Company.
  • September 4 – The Ronneby Bloodbath take place in Ronneby in Denmark.
  • September 10 – Takeda Shingen fights the forces of Uesugi Kenshin for the final time during the Battle of Kawanakajima in Japan.
  • November 21 – Spanish Conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi sails from Mexico. Later, he will conquer the Philippine Islands, founding Manila.
  • Date unknown

  • First recorded report of a 'rat king'.
  • approx. date – Idris Alooma starts to rule the Kanem-Bornu Empire.
  • Births

  • January 1 – Šurhaci, Chinese prince (d. 1611)
  • February 15 – Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1642)
  • February 26 (baptized) – Christopher Marlowe, English poet and dramatist (d. 1593)
  • March 7 – Pierre Coton, French Jesuit and royal confessor (d. 1626)
  • March 9 – David Fabricius, Frisian astronomer (d. 1617)
  • March 15 – William Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Harburg (d. 1642)
  • April 2 – William Bathe, Irish priest (d. 1614)
  • April 26 (baptized) – William Shakespeare, English poet and dramatist. Believed to be born on April 23 (d. 1616)
  • April 27 – Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland (d. 1632)
  • April 30 – Francis Hay, 9th Earl of Erroll, Scottish noble (d. 1631)
  • May 27 – Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Ferrara, Italian noble, sponsor of the arts (d. 1618)
  • June 11 – Joseph Heintz the Elder, Swiss artist (d. 1609)
  • June 12 – John Casimir, Duke of Saxe-Coburg (d. 1633)
  • June 28 – Cort Aslakssøn, Astronomer (d. 1624)
  • July 6 – Johanna Sibylla of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Wife of William V of Wied-Runkel and Isenburg (d. 1646)
  • August 18 – Federico Borromeo, Cardinal Archbishop of Milan (d. 1631)
  • August 24 – Patrick Forbes, bishop in the Church of Scotland (d. 1635)
  • September 13 – Vincenzo Giustiniani, Italian banker and art collector (d. 1637)
  • September 24 – William Adams, English navigator and samurai (d. 1620)
  • September 25 – Magnus Brahe, Swedish noble (d. 1633)
  • September 28 – Sibylla of Anhalt, Duchess consort of Württemberg (1593-1608). (d. 1614)
  • October 15 – Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1589-1613) (d. 1613)
  • October 26 – Hans Leo Hassler, German composer and organist (d. 1612)
  • November 3 (baptized) – Francisco Pacheco, Spanish artist (d. 1644)
  • November 11 – Martinus Smiglecius, Polish philosopher (d. 1618)
  • November 22 – Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English peer and traitor (d. 1619)
  • November 24 – Joseph Gaultier de la Vallette, French astronomer (d. 1647)
  • December 25
  • Johannes Buxtorf, German Calvinist theologian (d. 1629)
  • Nicolaus Mulerius, Dutch astronomer and medical academic (d. 1630)
  • December 31 – Ernest II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, German suke (d. 1611)
  • date unknown
  • William Bathe, Jesuit priest (d. 1614)
  • Daniel Chamier, minister of religion in France (d. 1621)
  • Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic, Bohemian composer and Protestant rebel (d. 1621)
  • Paul Miki, Japanese Catholic saint and martyr (d. 1597)
  • Thomas Morton, English churchman (d. 1659)
  • Pedro Páez, Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia (d. 1622)
  • Thomas Shirley, English pirate (d. 1620)
  • probable
  • Pieter Brueghel the Younger, Flemish painter (d. 1638)
  • Henry Chettle, English dramatist (d. 1607)
  • Deaths

  • January 4 – Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander (b. 1514)
  • January 25 – Margaret Howard, Duchess of Norfolk (b. 1540)
  • February 18 – Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian artist, architect and sculptor (b. 1475)
  • February 19 – Guillaume Morel, French classical scholar (b. 1505)
  • April – Pierre Belon, French naturalist (b. 1517) (murdered)
  • May 2 – Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (b. 1500)
  • May 27 – John Calvin, French Protestant reformer (b. 1509)
  • June 24 – Rani Durgavati, Indian queen (b. 1524)
  • July 25 – Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1503)
  • July 31 – Luis de Velasco, Viceroy of New Spain (b. 1511)
  • October 5 – Pierre de Manchicourt, Flemish composer
  • October 15 – Andreas Vesalius, Flemish anatomist (b. 1514)
  • October 18 – Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)
  • date unknown
  • Isabella Losa, Spanish scholar (b. 1491)
  • Giovanni da Udine, Italian painter (b. 1487)
  • Purandara Dasa, Indian musician (b. 1484)
  • Charles Estienne, French anatomist (b. 1503)
  • Manus O'Donnell, Irish leader
  • probable – Maurice Scève, French poet (b. 1500)
  • References

    1564 Wikipedia


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