Harman Patil (Editor)

1551

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1551

Year 1551 (MDLI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

January–June

  • January–February – Macarius, Metropolitan of Moscow, and Tsar Ivan IV of Russia preside over the reforming Stoglavy Synod ("Hundred-Chapter") church council. A calendar of the saints and an ecclesiastical law code (Stoglav) are introduced.
  • January 11 – Ketumati, Burma, is conquered by Bayinnaung.
  • May 1 – Council of Trent reconvened.
  • May 12 – The National University of San Marcos is founded in Lima (Peru), being the first officially established university in the Americas.
  • July–December

  • July – Invasion of Gozo: Ottoman Turks and Barbary pirates invade the Mediterranean island of Gozo, enslaving all inhabitants (estimated at 5,000 to 6,000) and transporting them to Tarhuna Wa Msalata (in modern-day Libya).
  • August 15 – Siege of Tripoli ends with the Knights of Malta surrendering Tripoli to the Ottoman Empire.
  • September 21 – The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico is founded in Mexico City (Mexico), being the second officially established university in the Americas.
  • September 30 – Tainei-ji incident: A coup in Yamaguchi by the military establishment of the Ōuchi clan forces their lord Ōuchi Yoshitaka to commit suicide, and the city is burned.
  • October 11 – John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, de facto Lord Protector of the Kingdom of England, is created Duke of Northumberland.
  • Date unknown

  • Persian forces raid and destroy the cave monastery of Vardzia in Georgia (country).
  • In Henan province, China, during the Ming Dynasty, a severe frost in the spring destroys the winter wheat crop. Torrential rains in mid summer cause massive flooding of farmland and villages (by some accounts submerged in a metre of water). In the fall a large tornado demolishes houses and flattens much of the buckwheat in the fields. Famine victims either flee, starve, or resort to cannibalism. This follows a series of natural disasters in Henan in the years 1528, 1531, 1539, and 1545.
  • The fifth outbreak of sweating sickness occurs in England. John Caius of Shrewsbury writes the first full contemporary account of the symptoms of the disease.
  • In Slovakia, Guta (modern-day Kolárovo) receives town status.
  • Portugal founds a sugar colony at Bahia.
  • Juan de Betanzos begins to write his "Narrative of the Incas".
  • New edition of the Genevan psalter, Pseaumes octantetrois de David, with Louis Bourgeois as supervising composer, including first publication of the hymn tune known as the "Old 100th".
  • Births

  • January 5 – Jean Chapeauville, Belgian theologian and historian (d. 1617)
  • January 14 – Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, Vizier (d. 1602)
  • January 26 – Robert Dormer, 1st Baron Dormer, English politician (d. 1616)
  • February 2 – Nicolaus Reimers, German astronomer (d. 1600)
  • March 9 – Alessandro Alberti, Italian painter (d. 1590)
  • March 21 – Maria Anna of Bavaria (d. 1608)
  • March 30 – Salomon Schweigger, German theologian (d. 1622)
  • April 9 – Peter Monau, German physician (d. 1588)
  • April 30 – Jacopo da Empoli, Italian painter (d. 1640)
  • May 2 – William Camden, English historian (d. 1623)
  • May 8 – Thomas Drury (d. 1603)
  • May 17 – Martin Delrio, Flemish theologian and occultist (d. 1608)
  • September 19 – King Henry III of France (d. 1589)
  • October 4 – Philip VI, Count of Waldeck (1567–1579) (d. 1579)
  • October 8 – Giulio Caccini, Italian composer (d. 1618)
  • October 26 – Charlotte de Sauve, French courtesan (d. 1617)
  • November 11 – Giovanni I Cornaro, Doge of Venice (d. 1629)
  • date unknown
  • Bhai Gurdas – Original scribe of Guru Granth Sahib
  • George Tuchet, 1st Earl of Castlehaven (d. 1617)
  • Fausto Veranzio, Dalmatian/Croatian humanist (d. 1617)
  • Job of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Christian Orthodox Saint (d. 1651)
  • probable
  • Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russia (d. 1605)
  • Stanisław Stadnicki, Polish nobleman (d. 1610)
  • Deaths

  • February 28 – Martin Bucer, German Protestant reformer (b. 1491)
  • April 6 – Joachim Vadian, Swiss humanist (b. 1484)
  • April 8 – Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • May 8 – Barbara Radziwiłł, queen of Sigismund II of Poland (b. 1523)
  • May 17 – Shin Saimdang (b. 1504)
  • May 18 – Domenico di Pace Beccafumi, Italian painter (b. 1486)
  • July – Adriaen Isenbrandt, Flemish painter (b. 1490)
  • July 13 – John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • August 8 – Fray Tomás de Berlanga, Bishop of Panama (b. 1487)
  • August 26 – Margaret Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1516)
  • September 30 – Ōuchi Yoshitaka, Japanese warlord (b. 1507)
  • date unknown
  • Sagara Taketō, Japanese samurai (b. 1498)
  • Katarzyna Tomicka, Polish noblewoman (b. c. 1517)
  • References

    1551 Wikipedia


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