Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

13th Congress of the Philippines

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Vice President  Noli de Castro
Majority leader  Francis Pangilinan
Senate President pro tempore  Juan Flavier
Minority leader  Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.
13th Congress of the Philippines
President  Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Senate President  Franklin Drilon (2004-2006) Manuel Villar, Jr.(2006-2007)

The Thirteenth Congress of the Philippines (Filipino: Ikalabintatlong Kongreso ng Pilipinas) was the meeting of the national legislature of the Republic of the Philippines, composed of the Philippine Senate and House of Representatives. The convening of the 13th Congress follows the 2004 national elections, which replaced half of the Senate membership, and the entire membership of the House of Representatives.


Charter Change

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, in her several State of the Nation Addresses has repeatedly called on Congress to pave the way for the amending of the 1987 Constitution to provide for a unicameral–parliamentary–federal form of government. On December 8, 2006, the administration-dominated House of Representatives, bypassing the Senate, passed in haste House Resolution 1450, which called on Congress to convene into a Constituent Assembly (ConAss) to propose amendments to the Constitution. The House move however, was faced with stiff opposition from the outmaneuvered members of the opposition and all but 1 member of the Senate, which was later bolstered by support from several sectors of the civil society and the influential Roman Catholic Church, which threatened to hold nationwide protest rallies to denounce the House move. Succumbing to the mounting opposition and the apparent withdrawal of support of the President, House Speaker Jose De Venecia later on scrapped the entire resolution and called instead for a constitutional convention, challenging the Senate to concur it in 72 hours. But this too was rejected by the Senate, which preferred to hold a constitutional convention after the 2007 elections. Efforts to amend the constitution during the 13th Congress were eventually shelved.


  • First Regular Session: July 26, 2004–June 7, 2005
  • First Special Session: January 5–February 10, 2005
  • Second Special Session: March 1–April 1, 2005
  • Second Regular Session: July 25, 2005–June 5, 2006
  • Third Regular Session: July 24, 2006–June 8, 2007
  • Third Special Session: February 19–February 20, 2007
  • Special Centennial Session: June 7, 2007
  • Legislation

    Laws passed by the 13th Congress: 149 (Republic Act No. 9333 to 9495), as of September 7, 2007

    Major legislation

  • Republic Act No. 9334 — Increase of Excise Tax on Alcohol and Tobacco Products
  • Republic Act No. 9335 — Attrition Act of 2005
  • Republic Act No. 9337 — Expanded Value-Added Tax Law
  • Republic Act No. 9341 — Rent Control Act of 2005
  • Republic Act No. 9343 — Special Purpose Vehicle Act of 2002 Amendments
  • Republic Act No. 9344 — Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006
  • Republic Act No. 9346 — Death Penalty Abolition
  • Republic Act No. 9347 — Rationalizing the Composition and Functions of the National Labor Relations Commission
  • Republic Act No. 9359 — Appropriation of a Standby Fund for the Guimaras Oil Spill Clean Up, Mayon Volcano Relief Operations, OFW Repatriation
  • Republic Act No. 9367 — Biofuels Act of 2006
  • Republic Act No. 9369 — Amending the Election Modernization Act
  • Republic Act No. 9372 — Human Security Act of 2007
  • Republic Act No. 9379 — Handline Fishing Law
  • Republic Act No. 9396 — Redefining the term "Veteran"
  • Republic Act No. 9399 — One-Time Amnesty for Businesses in the Special Economic Zones and Freeports
  • Republic Act No. 9400 — Amending the Bases Conversion and Development Act of 1992
  • Republic Act No. 9406 —Reorganization and Strengthening of the Public Attorney's Office
  • Republic Act No. 9416 — Unlawful Cheating in the Civil Service Commission Examinations
  • Republic Act No. 9417 — Strengthening the Office of the Solicitor General
  • Republic Act No. 9418 —Institutionalizing Strategy for Rural Development
  • Republic Act No. 9422 — Amending the Migration Workers and Overseas Act of 1995
  • Republic Act No. 9433 — Magna Carta for Public Social Workers
  • Senate

  • President of the Senate
  • Senate President Pro-Tempore
  • Majority Floor Leader
  • Minority Floor Leader
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker of the House of Representatives
  • Deputy Speakers
  • Luzon: Emilio R. Espinosa (NPC, 2nd District Masbate) Visayas: Raul V. del Mar (Lakas-CMD, 1st District Cebu City) Mindanao: Abdulgani A. Salapuddin (Lakas-CMD, Lone District Basilan) Central Luzon: Benigno S. Aquino III (Liberal, 2nd District Tarlac) Eric D. Singson (Liberal, 2nd District Ilocos Sur), elected February 21, 2006.
  • Majority Floor Leader
  • Minority Floor Leader
  • House of Representatives

    The term of office of the current members of the House of Representatives is from June 30, 2004 to June 30, 2007.


    13th Congress of the Philippines Wikipedia

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