Girish Mahajan (Editor)

1187

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Year 1187 (MCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

America

  • The Toltecs are deposed at Chichen Itza.
  • Africa

  • The Almohad caliph, Yaqub al-Mansur, reconquers the city of Gabes Ifriqiya from the Almoravid pretender, Ali b. Ghaniya.
  • Asia

  • May 1 – Battle of Cresson: Saladin defeats the crusaders.
  • July 4 – Battle of Hattin: Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem.
  • September 20–October 2 – Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem.
  • King Jayavarman VII of Ankor Vat defeats the Cham conquerors.
  • Ghorin Muhammed conquers Punjab.
  • Europe

  • October 29 – Pope Gregory VIII issues the bull Audita tremendi, proposing the Third Crusade.
  • Alexius Branas attempts to seize Constantinople in defiance of his master Isaac II Angelus.
  • Pillage of Sigtuna. Estonians, Curonians and/or Karelians raid Sigtuna town in Sweden and kill the archbishop Johannes.
  • Knut Eriksson builds a castle in the island of Stockholm in Sweden.
  • Genoa takes Bonifacio (in Corsica) from Pisa.
  • Glanvill, an official of King Henry II, describes how villeins can be free (approximate date).
  • Florence takes control of the neighboring city of Empoli.
  • Markets

  • To finance the siege of Zara, the Doge of Venice grants the benefits of the revenue from the salt tax to a consortium of creditors. Pledging the income from the Salt Office becomes a staple of the city's finance.
  • Religion

  • October 21 – Pope Gregory VIII succeeds Pope Urban III as the 173rd pope.
  • The Cathedral of St. Jacob is consecrated in Szczecin, Pomerania.
  • Births

  • March 29 – Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (d. 1203)
  • September 5 – King Louis VIII of France (d. 1226)
  • Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (d. 1239)
  • Deaths

  • May 1 – Roger de Moulins, Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
  • May 6 – Ruben III, Prince of Armenia (b. 1145)
  • July 4 – Raynald of Châtillon, Prince of Antioch (b. c. 1125)
  • September/October – Count Raymond III of Tripoli (b. 1140)
  • October 20 – Pope Urban III
  • November 9 – Emperor Gaozong of China (b. 1107)
  • December 17 – Pope Gregory VIII (b. c. 1100)
  • Gerard of Cremona, Italian translator of scientific works (b. c. 1114)
  • Other

  • 1187 Is the name of a modification to Half-Life 2 that was released in 2010.
  • References

    1187 Wikipedia


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