Trisha Shetty (Editor)

10th United States Congress

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Senate President  George Clinton (DR)
House Majority:  Democratic-Republican
Senate Majority:  Democratic-Republican
10th United States Congress
Senate Pres. pro tem:  Samuel Smith (DR) Stephen R. Bradley (DR) John Milledge (DR)
House Speaker:  Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR)
Members:  34 Senators 142 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Tenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1807, to March 4, 1809, during the seventh and eighth years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had an overwhelming Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

  • May 22, 1807: Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr was indicted for treason. He was acquitted September 1, 1807
  • June 1807: Chesapeake-Leopard Affair: The British warship HMS Leopard (1790) captured and boarded the USS Chesapeake (1799).
  • August 17, 1807: The Clermont, Robert Fulton's first American steamboat, left New York City for Albany, New York, on the Hudson River, inaugurating the first commercial steamboat service in the world.
  • January 1, 1808: The importation of slaves into the United States was banned
  • Major legislation

  • December 22, 1807: Embargo Act of 1807, ch. 5, 2 Stat. 451
  • March 1, 1809: Non-Intercourse Act, ch. 24, 2 Stat. 528
  • Territories organized

  • March 1, 1809: Illinois Territory was organized from a portion of Indiana Territory
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: George Clinton (DR)
  • President pro tempore: Samuel Smith (DR), elected April 16, 1808
  • Stephen R. Bradley (DR), elected December 28, 1808
  • John Milledge (DR), elected January 30, 1809
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Joseph Bradley Varnum (DR)
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


    There were 5 resignations, 2 deaths, and 1 interim appointment. Neither party had a net change.

    House of Representatives

    Of the voting members, there were 4 resignations, 4 deaths, and 2 vacancies from the beginning of this Congress. Democratic-Republicans had no net change and Federalists picked up 2 seats.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Affairs with Algiers (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • Conduct of Peter J. Bruin (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Benjamin Latrobe
  • Librarian of Congress: Patrick Magruder
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: Alexander T. McCormick (Episcopalian), elected November 10, 1807
  • Robert Elliott (Presbyterian), elected November 10, 1808
  • Secretary: Samuel A. Otis
  • Sergeant at Arms: James Mathers
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Obadiah B. Brown, Baptist
  • Clerk: Patrick Magruder of Maryland
  • Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton
  • Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn of Maryland
  • References

    10th United States Congress Wikipedia

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