April 2 – Emperor Zhezong becomes emperor of Song Dynasty. Empress Dowager Gao cancels all the reform packages and dismisses pro-reform Wang Anshi.
May 25 – Alfonso VI of Castile enters the Islamic city of Toledo, Spain, and invites French knights to settle the central plateau of Spain.
The Domesday survey is commissioned by William I of England, apparently prompted by the abortive invasion of Canute IV of Denmark, to ensure proper taxation and levies.
Henry IV extends the "Peace of God" over his entire empire.
Katedralskolan in Lund, the oldest school in Scandinavia, is founded.
Vratislav, Duke of Bohemia, is crowned King.
By this year, the annual output of copper currency for the Chinese Song Dynasty reaches 6 billion coins a year, prompting the Chinese government to adopt the world's first paper-printed money later in the 1120s.
Alberich of Reims (d. 1141)
Raoul I, Count of Vermandois (d. 1152)
Robert fitz Martin, Norman knight and first Lord of Cemais, Wales (d. 1159)
Zhang Zeduan, Chinese painter (d. 1145)
April 1 – Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)
May 25 – Pope Gregory VII
July 17 – Robert Guiscard, Norman adventurer
August 19 – Al-Juwayni , Muslim Scholar and Imam (b. 1028)
September 20 – Hermann II, Count Palatine of Lotharingia (b. 1049]])
Cheng Hao, Chinese Neo-Confucian philosopher (b. 1032)
Year 1085 (MLXXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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