The Nile River in Egypt freezes over.
March 8 – Persian poet Ferdowsi finishes writing the Shahnameh (Book of Kings), which will be regarded as the national epic of the greater Iranian culture.
The Lý dynasty is established in Vietnam (or 1009), and moves the capital to Thăng Long (currently Hanoi).
Second conflict in the Goryeo–Khitan War: The Goryeo king is unseated in a revolt, resulting in an invasion by the Liao dynasty, and the burning of the Korean capital Gaegyeong.
Song Zhun of Song Dynasty China completes the work of the earlier geographer Lu Duosun, an enormous atlas of China that is written and illustrated in 1,556 chapters, showing maps of each region, city, town, and village (the atlas took 39 years to complete).
Viking explorer Þorfinnr "Karlsefni" Þórðarson attempts to found a settlement in North America (approximate date).
The city of Yaroslavl is said to have been founded.
Hisham II the Nephast is restored as Umayyad caliph of Córdoba, succeeding Muhammad II al-Mahdi.
Allied to Muslim rebels, Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona sacks Córdoba.
The construction of Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India, is completed, during the Chola dynasty (Early Medieval period).
Rajaraja I and His Teacher, detail of a wall painting in the Brihadeeswarar temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India, is made during the Chola dynasty, Early Medieval period (approximate date).
Lady Murasaki writes The Tale of Genji in Japanese] (approximate date).
Beowulf is written anonymously (approximate date).
Eilmer of Malmesbury attempts flight in a glider of his own construction.
May 30 – Emperor Renzong of China (d. 1063)
Benno, bishop of Meissen (d. 1106)
King Bermudo III of León (d. 1037)
Alī ibn Ahmad al-Nasawī (d. 1075)
Michael IV the Paphlagonian, Byzantine emperor (d. 1041)
Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg (d. 1088)
Adalbero of Würzburg, Bishop of Würzburg and Count of Lambach-Wels (d. 1090)
Akkadevi, Indian princess, governor and general (d. 1064)
John Kourkouas, Byzantine catepan of Italy
Ælfric of Eynsham, English abbot
Aimoin, French monk and chronicler
Year 1010 (MX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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