-abad is a suffix that forms part of many city names in Iran, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, amongst others. It is derived from the Persian word ābād (آباد), meaning "cultivated place" (village, city, Region), and commonly attached to the name of the city's founder or patron. The root of this word is from the Persian word āb (آب) meaning 'Water'. In India, -abads are generally legacies of Persianized Muslim rulers such as the Mughals.
The suffix is most common in Iran, which contains thousands of -abads, most of them small villages. Markazi Province alone contained 44 Hoseynabads, 31 Aliabads, 23 Hajjiabads, 22 Hasanabads, and so on.
Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, named after the colonial British Army officer James Abbott
Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, named for the Muzaffarid sultan Ahmed Shah
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, named after Allah, the name of God in Arabic
Ashgabat, capital of Turkmenistan
Faisalabad, Pakistan, originally founded as Lyallpur after Sir James Lyall. Renamed in 1977 after King Faisal of Saudi Arabia.
Fyzabad, Trinidad and Tobago, named after the Faizabad, India
Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan
Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan, named for the religion of Islam
Jalalabad, Nangarhar, Afghanistan, named for Pir Jalala, son of the Pashtun leader Pir Roshan
Jalalabad, Bangladesh, previous name of Sylhet named after Hazrat Shah Jalal.
Khorramabad, capital of Lorestan Province, Iran
Nazirabad, Moulvibazar, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
Ordubad, Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
Stalinabad, Tajikistan, the name of Dushanbe from 1921 to 1961, named after Soviet leader Joseph Stalin
Sabirabad (district), Azerbaijan
Sardarabad, Armenia, former name (1931-1935) of modern-day Armavir.
Türkmenabat, Lebap, Turkmenistan
Vagharshapat, Armenia, city in Armenia.
Multiple places by the same name:Abbasabad
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