Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Zhangir Khan

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Died  1652, Kazakh Khanate
Children  Tauke Khan
Grandparent  Xigai Khan
Parents  Ixim Khan
Grandchildren  Semeke Khan, Bulat Khan
Similar  Tauke Khan, Ablai Khan, Makhambet Otemisuly

Salqam Zhangir Khan (? -1652) - Kazakh Khan, the governor of the Kazakh Khanate from 1643 to 1652, the son of Esim Khan.

Contents

Mention

Sometimes the sources referred to as "Jahangir Khan." After a stunning victory in the battle for Orbulak its small growth and a strong constitution received from the people nicknamed "Salqam Zhangir" which translates as "impressive, powerful Zhangir" and often referred to as a "Salqam Zhangir Khan".

Biography

Sulqam Zhangir Khan - a prominent statesman and an outstanding leader. Succeeded by Yesim Khan's Khan's throne. During the life of courage Zhangir people nicknamed "Salqam Zhäñgir" (impressive). As the historians to Zhangir were characterized by qualities such as determination, perseverance, endurance and willingness to sacrifice.These qualities have put him on a par with the name of his father and rescued Kazakh tribes of the civil wars and external threats of physical destruction. The exact date of the proclamation Zhangir Khan has not been established. There is no reliable data about the year of his birth. According to some reports, he was raised on a white rug immediately after his father's death in 1628, but its long recognized as the supreme khan of Kazakhs. Like his father Yesim Khan Zhangir was also concerned about the threat of Junggar. Fears intensified after coming to power Batur-kontayshy (1635-1654), who created a strong centralized state in Dzungaria. At this point, the Kazakh Khanate occurred internecine strife. Each representative Chingizids claimed supremacy. Attempts sultans strengthen its political influence met with fierce resistance from the beys, who also sought to increase its role. The constant political struggle prevented the growth Zhangir Khan's power, which always had to prove its inherited the right to rule. In one of the battles with Dzhungars in 1635 Zhangir captured. After the conclusion of a peace treaty was released home with an obligation no longer bother border Jungar khanate. An active role in the implementation of foreign policy played his son Tauke. He had friendly relations with the ruler of Samarkand Zhalantos Bahadur (1576-1656). Their union was a response to the creation of Erdeni Batur coalition to attack Zhetysu.

Battle of Orbulak

When Erdeni Batur in 1643 seized some land in the southern and south-eastern spurs of the Tian Shan, Zhangir with the host 600 people decided to meet the enemy's army, despite its significant superiority (Zhungars was about 50,000). For Battle Mountain Zhangir chose a place close to the River Hor (Orbulak) Jungar Alatau because of what called Orbulak battle. A tactic of warfare has been selected trench method. Researchers who carefully studied the place of the famous battle, note that a number of complex Zhangir applied tactics of the arsenal of military art of the Kazakhs, but at the same time used the unextended fragmentation methods among the nomads of the enemy. As described by A.I. Levshin, Zhangir, fearing an open military confrontation with Dzhungars, arranged part of his squad in a gorge between two mountains, he dug in advance by a deep moat and high obnesya shaft. The length of the military fort was 2.5-3 km, the front edge of the trench was as tall as a human growth.

References

Zhangir Khan Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Ablai Khan
Makhambet Otemisuly
Tauke Khan
Topics
 
B
i
Link
H2
L