Sneha Girap

Zelenograd

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Country  Russia
University  National Research University of Electronic Technology
Founded  March 3, 1958

Zelenograd (Russian: ; , lit. green city) is a city, which, along with the territories and settlements under its jurisdiction, forms one of the administrative okrugs of Moscow - Zelenogradsky Administrative Okrug (ZelAO). It is located 37 kilometers (23 mi) from the center of Moscow proper along Leningradskoye Shosse highway. The city color is green and its emblematic animal is the squirrel (more precisely Sciurus vulgaris).

Contents

Map of Zelenograd

Before 1989 Zelenograd was a de facto closed city in some aspects: it was prohibited to take photos in the central parts of the city, near the plants, teaching and research facilities, and foreigners were not admitted into the city.

Night zelenograd


Zelenograd was one of the most powerful centers of electronics, microelectronics and computer industry in the Soviet Union, and it still plays a similar role in modern Russia. It was developed as a reflection of the California Silicon Valley and known also as Soviet/Russian Silicon Valley.

Overview

Zelenograd was founded in 1958 and planned as center of textile industry initially. In 1962 Alexander Shokin (Chairman of State Committee of Electronic Technology, then first Minister of Electronic Technology) proposed to change the line of future city business to electronics. Some researchers of Soviet electronics history mentioned, that similar idea was proposed to the Soviet government by two fugitive Silicon Valley engineers - Alfred Sarant (more known in Russia as Philip Staros) and Joel Barr (Joseph Berg).

As Zelenograd was built de novo on a previously empty, forested place, its architecture and civic layout yields to one general architectural plan (chief architects Igor Rozhin (1956–1963), then Igor Pokrovsky (1963–2002)).

In 1988, Zelenograd incorporated the former village of Kryukovo, one of the important sites during the Battle of Moscow (October 1941 – January 1942). Several monuments to the Defenders of Moscow and the heroes of the Great Patriotic War are located in Zelenograd and the surrounding area, the most famous of which is the Shtyki Memorial, from which the remains of the Unknown Soldier were taken for reinterment at the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Garden in Moscow.

Industries

Zelenograd is home to the National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET), which is largest organization of city.

Zelenograd was headquarters of Sitronics Concerne since its founding in 1997 until 2005 (when its headquarters moved to Moscow). Now the city is the headquarters of its microelectroni? solutions department. The leading company of the department is NIIME and Mikron - the one of two largest Russian integrated circuits manufacturers. Also the city is the headquarters of Angstrem, which is another largest Russian ICs manufacturer.

Zelenograd is one of technical-innovative type Special economic zones. SEZ "Zelenograd" consists of 2 areas: Area "Alabushevo" (141.87 ha), a main area for new plants and research centers and Area "MIET" (4.47 ha), a technology park (mostly MIET spin-off enterprises).

Administrative divisions

Zelenogradsky Administrative Okrug is divided into five districts:

  • Matushkino (?????????), previously District #1
  • Savyolki (???????), previously District #2
  • Staroye Kryukovo (?????? ???????), previously District #3
  • Silino (??????), previously District #4
  • Kryukovo (???????)

Sports

A local soccer team Zelenograd (nicknamed Zelyono-Belye, or Green-Whites) was founded in 2002 and in 2007-2010 had been playing in the Russian Second Division. A local rugby team Zelenograd was founded in 2006 and played in Russian Rugby Championship 2008 (but it could not get to Championship 2009).

Images

Sister cities

Patronized ships

Geography

Zelenograd Beautiful Landscapes of Zelenograd

The Skhodnya River originates near the village of Alabushevo (one of settlements, which are under Zelenograd jurisdiction) and forms three ponds within the precincts of city: Water-tower Pond (School Lake), Small and Large City Pond.

References

Zelenograd Wikipedia (,)http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/48551293.jpg(,)http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/11898076.jpg(,)http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2933/14740322733_fea6e96a3d_t.jpg(,)http://fc01.deviantart.net/fs34/f/2008/240/d/4/Abandoned_Factory__Zelenograd_by_STRAFE_Unlimited.jpg(,)http://fc07.deviantart.net/fs34/i/2008/301/3/f/Zelenograd_by_ZeBrA_XxX.jpg(,)http://fc01.deviantart.net/fs42/f/2009/089/5/0/Zelenograd_by_DMi.jpg(,)http://www.griven.com/upload/images/201503301004_Zelenograd4.jpg(,)http://cdn4.vtourist.com/19/6414787-The_Landscape_Zelenograd.jpg%3Fversion%3D2(,)http://media-cdn.tripadvisor.com/media/photo-s/05/09/b6/68/caption.jpg(,)http://old.tulsaglobalalliance.org/uploads/image/Tulsa%2520Zelenograd%2520Association/whyjoin.jpg(,)http://afflante.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Elegant_Apartment_Interior_in_Zelenograd_Alexandra_Fedorova_afflante_com_0.jpg(,)http://cafe-anderson.ru/eng/Zelenograd/6.jpg(,)http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/kANkByd_D6M/0.jpg(,)http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/EQI2Vhznhc8/0.jpg(,)http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/BGr93xZn7gk/0.jpg(,)http://i1.ytimg.com/vi/yLijgll20aI/0.jpg


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