Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

White Heart

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Anthony Sallee

Christian rock

bass guitar


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John Elefante

January 3, 1969 (age 55) Fort Smith, Arkansas, United States (

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Rick Florian, Mark Gersmehl, Billy Smiley, Brian Wooten, White Heart

Anthony sallee bass

White Heart, also listed as Whiteheart, is a Contemporary Christian Music pop-rock band which formed in 1982. White Heart's discography includes thirteen albums, the most recent of which was released in 1997. Original members Billy Smiley and Mark Gersmehl worked with a continually-changing cast of band-mates. In 1985, former roadie Rick Florian became the lead singer.


Although White Heart has not officially "retired" as a band, remaining members Smiley, Gersmehl and Florian are each pursuing other interests. Smiley started his own label, Cul-de-Sac Records. Gersmehl continues to write music and has released solo efforts. Florian is a real estate agent in the Franklin, Tennessee area and also continues to sing for various recording projects.

White heart white hart carry on


White Heart formed in 1982 with two of its members coming from Bill Gaither's group. The first two albums were produced by Smiley and Huff, the two friends who formed the group and were listening to groups like Toto, Boz Scaggs, Journey, and Steely Dan at the time. The original line-up consisted of Billy Smiley (guitar, keyboards, and occasional lead vocals), Mark Gersmehl (keyboards and occasional lead vocals), Steve Green (lead vocals), Gary Lunn (bass), and brothers Dann and David Huff (guitars/vocals & drums respectively).

Whiteheart was pursued by every major Christian label until Chris Christian heard their demo and signed them to Home Sweet Home Records and gave them their first record deal. By the time they released their third album, they were selling in excess of 250,000 albums. After their self-titled debut album was released in 1982, the band suffered its first lineup change. Green left the band, saying that rock was not his style. They went on to tour with "David Meece" and "Farrell and Farrell" for the next two years, building their fan base, with Scott Douglas as Green's replacement as lead vocalist. Green continued to sing background vocals on Vital Signs, and they had their first No. 1 single, "We Are His Hands", with Douglas singing the lead, and Smiley and Green singing the harmonies.

The band released its second album, Vital Signs, in 1984. Douglas was with the band for two years before being charged with aggravated sexual battery on June 30, 1985. He was sentenced to prison in March 1986.

Dann Huff left the band shortly after to pursue his dream of being a studio musician, and recommended his high school friend, Gordon Kennedy as his replacement for the WhiteHeart album, Hotline. Later, in 1985, David Huff left the band to pursue other interests as well, including touring with Michael W. Smith. Eventually he would join his brother Dann to form the hard rock band Giant.

The Sparrow years

With Douglas gone, the remaining band members began to audition singers. In 1985, they were surprised when they saw and heard their stage manager and roadie, Rick Florian, dancing around on the stage and "karaoke" singing along to the song "Every Time You Go Away", which the sound company used to sonically tune the room each night during sound check. A few weeks later, Florian came up to Smiley and asked if he could audition for the lead vocalist position, and he was later chosen as Douglas' replacement. He became a core member of the band and continued through the rest of White Heart's discography. Chris McHugh was also picked up to fill the drummer seat.

White Heart's 1986 release, Don't Wait for the Movie, was released with their first major headlining tour, and had major support from Sparrow Records and Billy Ray Hearn, who had personally come out to meet and hopefully sign the band. He hired Smiley as the producer for the record. It continues to be one of the band's most successful selling albums with three No. 1 songs, and breaking all previous album sales. The band kept on touring and recording. Gary Lunn left the band to become a studio musician and was replaced with Tommy Sims.

After Emergency Broadcast was released in 1987, White Heart made an important change with Brown Bannister coming on as producer for their next album. Bannister was known for working with Amy Grant, recording out at the Bennett House in Franklin, TN. Because of the fractured approach to having each member producing songs for Emergency Broadcast, Smiley suggested getting an outside presence that every member would respect and respond to.

The band's album, 1989's Freedom, featured a more original approach, with the band going to a rehearsal hall and working out all the material for three weeks before even going into the studio, and having Bannister help find the best songs, and pull the most out of each member both musically and vocally. Freedom has been hailed as one of White Heart's best ever. Songs like "The River Will Flow", "Let The Kingdom Come", "Over Me", "Bye Bye Babylon", and "Sing Your Freedom" would become live fan favorites for years to come. But stability remained elusive. The band reached the end of its contract with Sparrow Records and Brown Bannister. Also, Chris McHugh, Gordon Kennedy, and Tommy Sims left the band to become studio musicians.

The Star Song era

White Heart signed on with Star Song Records, and hired Brian Wooten (guitars), Anthony Sallee (bass), and Mark Nemer (drums) to fill the spots. With these pieces in place, the band released one of its best-known albums, Powerhouse, in 1990. "Desert Rose", "Independence Day", and "Powerhouse" were No. 1 songs, and "Desert Rose" became one of their biggest anthems and career songs to date. Nemer left soon after and the band brought back former drummer Chris McHugh to do the drumming for Tales of Wonder, with the exception of one song on which they used Jon Knox.

The band released Tales of Wonder in 1992 produced by Smiley and Gersmehl. They also brought back Brown Bannister as a production adviser for the project and announced Jon Knox as their new drummer.

White Heart followed this success with Highlands in 1993, which also received critical and commercial praise. Touring non-stop from the Freedom through the Highlands release, this period was the most rewarding and captivating time of their touring career. Anthony Sallee left the band and John Thorn was hired to replace him for the Highlands Tour.

In 1994, the band released two compilation albums: Nothing But the Best: Rock Classics and Radio Classics, which included two new songs each and marked the end of the band's contract with Star Song.

The Curb years

White Heart signed with a mainstream label, Curb Records, as the label's first foray into the Christian Music contemporary rock market. The band released Inside in 1995 and stylized their name as "Whiteheart". The album had mixed reviews from the Christian market, but was quite successful on the Christian radio charts and yielded several No. 1 singles in the Christian Radio Market: "Inside" and "Even the Hardest Heart" were both No. 1 songs. This album was notably produced and mixed by the legendary Ken Scott. This record marked an edgier sound, and was also the band's launch through the newly created and now-defunct Warner Christian Distribution. The band's lineup continued to be a revolving door. Brian Wooten, John Thorn and Jon Knox all left to pursue other projects.

The remaining core members (Smiley, Gersmehl, Florian) regrouped to consider the band's future. They released their final Curb album, Redemption, in 1997 using studio musician friends. It received critical praise for its depth and musical maturity.

After Redemption, Smiley, Gersmehl and Florian entered what they called "a dormant or eternal sabbatical stage". They have not officially broken up Whiteheart, but each of them is working on separate personal projects as well as Smiley producing full-time. Florian issued a statement in 1999 regarding the future of the band.

On August 25, 2006, White Heart received a Soul2Soul Honor award in New Albany, Indiana. Billy Smiley, Rick Florian, Mark Gersmehl, Tommy Sims, Jon Knox and Gordon Kennedy reunited to perform "Over Me" and "Sing Your Freedom". According to Florian, it was the first time in 17 years that particular combination of musicians had performed together, although Knox had never actually been in the band at the same time as Sims or Kennedy.

In July 2013 the band announced their first full concert since 1998 would be at Easterfest in Toowoomba, Australia on April 19, 2014.


Although White Heart is considered one of the premier bands to ever play Contemporary Christian Music, and despite the many No. 1 hits and albums, they have never won a Dove Award. White Heart was inducted into the Christian Music Hall of Fame on November 6, 2010.

Band members

  • Billy Smiley – guitars (1982–1997, 2014)
  • Mark Gersmehl – keyboards, backing vocals, occasional lead vocals (1982–1997, 2014)
  • Rick Florian – lead vocals (1986–1997, 2014) (the band intentionally misspelled his name differently on each album)
  • Steve Green – lead vocals (1982)
  • Dann Huff – lead vocals, guitars (1982–1984)
  • David Huff – drums, percussion, backing vocals (1982–1985)
  • Gary Lunn – bass (1982–1986)
  • Scott Douglas – lead vocals (1984–1985)
  • Gordon Kennedy – guitars, backing vocals, occasional lead vocals (1985–1989)
  • Chris McHugh – drums, percussion (1986–1989)
  • Tommy Sims – bass, backing vocals, occasional lead vocals (1986–1989)
  • Mark Nemer – drums, percussion (1990)
  • Anthony Sallee – bass (1990–1993, 2014)
  • Brian Wooten – guitars (1990–1995)
  • Jon Knox – drums, percussion (1991–1996, 2014)
  • John Thorn – bass (1995)
  • Kevin Mills – bass (1995–1996)
  • Barry Graul – guitars (1996)
  • Mike Mead– drums (1996)
  • Mark Hill – bass (1996)
  • Scott Bernard - guitars (2014)
  • Discography

    Studio albums
  • White Heart (1982)
  • Vital Signs (1984)
  • Hotline (1985)
  • Don't Wait for the Movie (1986)
  • Emergency Broadcast (1987)
  • Freedom (1989)
  • Powerhouse (1990)
  • Tales of Wonder (1992)
  • Highlands (1993)
  • Inside (1995)
  • Redemption (1997)
  • Live and compilation albums
  • Live at Six Flags (1986, Home Sweet Home)
  • White Heart Greatest Hits (1987, Home Sweet Home)
  • White Heart/Vital Signs (1989, double album; two songs were omitted to fit the length)
  • Souvenirs (1990, Sparrow Records)
  • Quiet Storm: The Ballads (1993, Home Sweet Home)
  • Vital Signs (1994, Contemporary Christian Gold Series)
  • Nothing But the Best: Radio Classics (1994, StarSong)
  • Nothing But the Best: Rock Classics (1994, StarSong)
  • Attack! (1995, Star Song)
  • White Heart: The Early Years (1996, Star Song)
  • The Millennium Archives: Demos, Interviews, and Lost Songs (2000, Home Sweet Home)
  • Hits from the Heart (2000, BCI Music)
  • Very Best of Whiteheart (2006, EMI CMG)
  • Songs

    We Are His Hands
    Desert Rose
    How Many Times
    Hold On
    Bye Bye Babylon
    His Heart Was Always in It
    Light a Candle
    Let the Kingdom Come
    Once and for All
    Sing Your Freedom
    Raging of the Moon
    Over Me
    Eighth Wonder
    Power Tools
    Black Is White
    Even the Hardest Heart
    The River Will Flow
    Beat of a Different Drum
    Answer The Call
    Fly Eagle Fly
    Excuse Me - Forgive Me
    A Love Calling
    Read the Book
    In His Name
    Let Your First Thought Be Love
    Sing Unto The Lamb
    Edge Of The Dream
    Nothing Can Take This Love
    Lay It Down
    The Flame Passes On


    White Heart Wikipedia

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