Neha Patil

Westerlund 2

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Magnitude  15
Apparent magnitude (V)  15
Constellation  Carina
Westerlund 2 httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediaenthumb4
Similar  Westerlund 1, WR 20a, NGC 3603, Abell 665, Epsilon Carinae

Westerlund 2 is an obscured compact young star cluster (perhaps even a super star cluster) in the Milky Way, with an estimated age of about one or two million years. It contains some of the hottest, brightest, and most massive stars known. The cluster resides inside a stellar breeding ground known as Gum 29, located 20,000 light-years away in the constellation Carina. It is half a degree from the naked eye Cepheid variable V399 Carinae.

Contents

Westerlund 2 Westerlund 2 Wikipedia

Cluster members

Westerlund 2 The star cluster Westerlund 2 ESAHubble

The cluster contains at least a dozen early O stars, of which at least three are eclipsing binaries. All are hotter than 38,000 K and more luminous than 230,000 L. There are around 20 further O class stars in the cluster, all main sequence objects implying a very young age for the cluster.

Westerlund 2 Westerlund 2 NASA

Several Wolf–Rayet stars are found in the vicinity of Westerlund 2, although not in the central core. WR20a, a binary consisting of two WR stars, and the single stars WR20aa, WR20b, and WR20c are all thought to be members of the cluster, although possibly now runaway members. All five Wolf Rayets are extremely young massive objects with OIf*/WN spectral types, amongst the most luminous stars in the galaxy. This composite spectral type indicates young very massive hydrogen-burning stars that are just starting to convect nitrogen and helium to the surface and develop denser stellar winds so that they show the emission lines of a Wolf-Rayet star. WR21a, itself a massive binary, lies in the same direction but is unlikely to be a member of Westerlund 2.

Westerlund 2 Pan across Westerlund 2 YouTube

Westerlund 2 also contains a large number of pre-main sequence stars with masses below 2.5 M. These stars constrain the age of the cluster to near 2 Myr.

Discovery

Westerlund 2 Westerlund 2 and Gum 29 Constellation Guide

As its name indicates, the Westerlund 2 cluster was discovered by Bengt Westerlund in the 1960s but its stellar content was assessed only in later years.

Hubble 25th Anniversary Image

Westerlund 2 Flight to Star Cluster Westerlund 2 YouTube

On 23 April 2015 an image of the Westerlund 2 cluster was chosen to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the Hubble Space Telescope.

Westerlund 2

References

Westerlund 2 Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Abell 665
Epsilon Carinae
NGC 3603
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