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West Central German

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Glottolog  None
West Central German
Geographic distribution  Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Lorraine, Deitscherei
Linguistic classification  Indo-European Germanic West Germanic High German Central German West Central German
Subdivisions  Central Franconian Rhine Franconian

West Central German (German: Westmitteldeutsche Dialekte) belongs to the Central, High German dialect family in the German language. Its dialects are thoroughly Franconian and comprise the parts of the Rhinelandic continuum located south of the Benrath line isogloss, including the following sub-families:

  • Central Franconian (Mittelfränkisch)
  • Ripuarian (Ripuarisch), spoken in North Rhine-Westphalia (including Kölsch) and German-speaking Belgium and a small edge in the south of the Dutch province of Limbourg.
  • Moselle Franconian (Moselfränkisch) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland and France (francique mosellan)
  • Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch, luxembourgeois) in Luxembourg, Belgium and France (francique luxembourgeois)
  • Riograndenser Hunsrückisch, spoken in Brazil and derived from the Hunsrückisch dialect of Moselle Franconian
  • Rhine Franconian (Rheinfränkisch, francique rhénan)
  • Palatinate Franconian (Pfälzisch, francique palatin), spoken in Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Lorraine Franconian (Lothringisch, francique lorrain) in the French region of Lorraine
  • Bukovina German (Bukowinadeutsch) in Bukovina (extinct)
  • Pennsylvania German (Pennsylvaniadeutsch) in historical communities in North America, especially in Pennsylvania.
  • Hessian (Hessisch) in Hesse and the Rhenish Hesse region of Rhineland-Palatinate
  • North Hessian (Nordhessisch)
  • Central Hessian (Mittelhessisch)
  • East Hessian (Osthessisch)
  • Apart from West Central German on the southern edge and in south-east Franconian dialects are turning to Upper German. This transition area between Central German and Upper German is captured by the dialect families of South Franconian German and East Franconian German, colloquially miscalled Franconian as dialects of this sub-family are spoken all over Franconia.

    West Central German was spoken in several settlements throughout America, for example in the Amana Colonies.


    West Central German Wikipedia

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