Neha Patil (Editor)

Wattled jacana

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Charadriiformes
Genus  Jacana
Higher classification  Jacana
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Jacanidae
Scientific name  Jacana jacana
Rank  Species
Wattled jacana landsinlovecomwpcontentuploadsWattledJacana
Similar  Jacana, Bird, Rufescent tiger heron, Cocoi heron, Ringed kingfisher

Amazon bird wattled jacana


The wattled jacana (Jacana jacana) is a wader which is a resident breeder from western Panama and Trinidad south through most of South America east of the Andes.

Contents

Wattled jacana Overview Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana Neotropical Birds

The jacanas are a group of wetland birds, which are identifiable by their huge feet and claws that enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone. For the origin and pronunciation of the name, see Jacana.

Wattled jacana Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana videos photos and sound recordings

The wattled jacana lays four black-marked brown eggs in a floating nest. The male, as with other jacanas and some other wader families like the phalaropes, takes responsibility for incubation, with two eggs held between each wing and the breast. The females are polyandrous and will help to defend the nests of up to four mates.

Wattled jacana Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana videos photos and sound recordings

These are conspicuous and unmistakable birds. They are 17–23 cm (6.7–9.1 in) long, but the females are larger than the males. The adults have a chestnut back and wing coverts, with the rest of the body mainly black. In flight the greenish yellow flight feathers are obvious. The yellow bill extends up as a red coot-like head shield and a reddish wattle, and the legs and very long toes are dull blue-grey. There is a long sharp spur on the bend of the wing.

Wattled jacana Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana

Young birds initially have entirely white underparts, and can always be identified by the presence of white in their plumage.

There are six subspecies, with the nominate J. j. jacana being the most widespread. Several of the other subspecies are similar, but J. j. hypomelaena of western Panama and northern Colombia has all the chestnut plumage replaced by black, and J. j. scapularis of western Ecuador has some black feathers on its chestnut shoulders, and white outer primary feathers.

Wattled jacana jacana jacana


Subspecies

  • J. j. hypomelaena (Gray, 1846): west-central Panama to northern Colombia
  • J. j. melanopygia (Sclater, 1857): western Colombia to western Venezuela
  • J. j. intermedia (Sclater, 1857): north & central Venezuela
  • J. j. jacana (Linnaeus, 1766): Trinidad, southern Colombia & southern Venezuela through the Guianas south to eastern Bolivia, northern Argentina & Uruguay
  • J. j. scapularis (Chapman, 1922): western Ecuador & northwestern Peru
  • J. j. peruviana (Zimmer, 1930): northeastern Peru & northwestern Brazil
  • This species produces a range of noisy rattling calls.

    The wattled jacana's food is insects, other invertebrates and seeds picked from the floating vegetation or the water’s surface.

    Wattled jacana

    References

    Wattled jacana Wikipedia


    Similar TopicsBird
    Cocoi heron
    Jacana
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L