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Vierendeel bridge

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Related  None
Span range  Short to medium
Ancestor  Truss bridge
Descendant  None
Design effort  High
Vierendeel bridge httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons55
Movable  Movable bridges of this type are very rare. Only one swing bridge of this type was known [1] (demolished Nov. 11-19th 2009)
Falsework required  Depends upon length, materials, and degree of prefabrication
Materials  Steel, Reinforced concrete, Prestressed concrete
Carries  Pedestrian, Pipeline Transportation, Truck, Light rail
Similar  Tied‑arch bridge, Plate girder bridge, Kasteel van Ooidonk, Albert Canal, Truss arch bridge

A Vierendeel bridge is a bridge employing a Vierendeel truss, named after Arthur Vierendeel.

Such trusses do not have the usual triangular voids seen in a pin–joint truss bridge, rather employing rectangular openings and rigid connections in the elements, which (unlike a conventional truss) must also resist substantial bending forces. Owing to a lesser economy of materials and the difficulty of design before the advent of computers, this truss is rarely used in bridges outside Belgium. The form is more commonly employed in building structures where large shear walls or diagonal elements would interfere with the building's aesthetics or functionality.

Vierendeel bridge CTS Bridges Details information amp images of Steel Bridges

The first such bridge was built in steel at Avelgem, Belgium in 1902, following development of the truss form and a method to calculate its strength in 1896 by Arthur Vierendeel. There are many more examples in Belgium, also constructed in concrete, mostly designed by Vierendeel's many students in a long career as professor in civil engineering.

Vierendeel bridge CTS Bridges Details information amp images of Steel Bridges

The city of Glendale, California has three Vierendeel truss bridges: the Geneva Street, Kenilworth Avenue, and Glenoaks Boulevard bridges, all two-lane bridges spanning 95 feet. They were built in 1937 as part of the Verdugo Flood Control Project, the first project of the United States Army Corps of Engineers after passage of the Flood Control Act of 1936.

Vierendeel bridge 17 images about Estructuras on Pinterest Shape Design and Inventors

The double-deck cable-stayed Kap Shui Mun Bridge in Hong Kong uses a Vierendeel truss. Opened in 1997, the lower deck carries both rail and traffic, with the lack of diagonal members in the cross section allowing vehicles to drive through the openings provided by the Vierendeel design.

Vierendeel bridge Vierendeel bridge Wikipedia
Vierendeel bridge Unique bridge destined for the scrapheap Flanders Today
Vierendeel bridge FilePont Vierendeel chausse de Vilvoorde 1 crdits DAtjpg

References

Vierendeel bridge Wikipedia


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