House House of Savoy
Name Victor I,
|Successor Francis Hyacinth|
Predecessor Charles Emmanuel I
|Regent Christine Marie of France (until 1663)|
Born 8 April 1587 Turin, Piedmont, Savoy (1587-04-08)
Issue Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy Margaret Yolande, Duchess of Parma Henrietta Adelaide Marie, Electress of Bavaria Princess Catherine Beatrice of Savoy
Father Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy
Died October 7, 1637, Vercelli, Italy
Spouse Christine of France (m. 1619)
Children Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
Parents Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, Infanta Catherine Michelle of Spain
Similar People Christine of France, Charles Emmanuel I - Duke of, Charles Emmanuel II - Duke of, Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, Emmanuel Philibert - Duke of S
Victor amadeus i duke of savoy
Victor Amadeus I (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia; 8 May 1587 – 7 October 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630-37. He was titular King of Cyprus and Jerusalem. He was also known as the Lion of Susa.
He was born in Turin, Piedmont to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy and Catherine Micaela of Spain, daughter of King Philip II of Spain. He spent much of his childhood at the Spanish court in Madrid, at the court of his grandfather Philip II. He stayed there until the king's death in 1598, when Victor Amadeus was 11. When his brother, Filippo Emanuele, died in 1605, he became legitimate heir to the Duchy of Savoy and received the homage of the court at Racconigi on 21 January 1607.
Victor Amadeus became Duke of Savoy after his father's death in 1630. Charles Emmanuel's policies had brought a great instability in the relationships with both France and Spain, and troops were needed to defend the Duchy. As money was lacking to recruit mercenaries or train indigenous soldiers, Victor Amadeus signed a peace treaty with Spain.
With the Treaty of Cherasco, Savoy was forced to give Pinerolo to France. This gave France a strategic route into the heart of Savoy territory and on into the rest of Italy. The rulers of Savoy from that point resented this loss, and worked for decades with the goal of regaining that loss. Subsequently, under the direction of Cardinal Richelieu, Victor Amadeus attempted to create an anti-Spanish league in Italy. He achieved two victories against the Spanish: In 1636 in the Battle of Tornavento and on 8 September 1637 in the Battle of Mombaldone.
On 25 September of that year, Victor Amadeus fell ill after a dinner offered by the Duke of Créqui. He was carried to Vercelli, where he died on 7 October, aged 50.
Marriage and issue
In 1619, he married Christine Marie of France (1606–1663), a daughter of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici. Following his death, she served as regent of the Duchy from 1637 to 1663. They had children including: