Vestergade (lit. "West Street") is a street in central Copenhagen, Denmark, linking Gammeltorv in the northeast with the City Hall Square in the southwest. The street defines the southern boundary of Copenhagen's Latin Quarter.
- Map of Vestergade KC3B8benhavn Denmark
- Notable buildings and structures
- Public art and memorials
Map of Vestergade, K%C3%B8benhavn, Denmark
The name Vestergade ("West Street") testifies Gammeltorv's original status as the most important square in Copenhagen. In the Middle Ages, Vestergade was Copenhagen's main street, linking the square with the Western City Gate at its western end. The north side of the street was lined with guesthouses. The city gate was moved a little further to the south in 1668 but Vestergade maintained its role as the principal entrance road for traffic coming from the west. The street was completely destroyed in the Copenhagen Fire of 1728 and again in the Fire of 1795.
In 1865, Vestergade was home to a total of 17 inns and guesthouses. The number then began to decline, both as a result of the decommissioning of the city's fortifications, the increased importance of the railway and the large and modern hotels that opened on Vester Voldgade in the 1880s. In 1877, nine inns were left in the street and in 1888 the number had dropped to seven: Sjælland ("Zealand"), Rosen ("The Rose"), Vinhuset ("The Wine House"), Tre Hjorter ("Three Deer"), Garvergården ("The Tannery"), Gardergården ("The (Royal) Guards' House") and Kronen ("The Crown"). In 1894 the number was down to five and by 1929 only Tre Hjorter was left.
Both in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, it was proposed to widen the street and make it more straight but each time it was stopped by opposition from citizens and otganisations.
Notable buildings and structures
DIS - Study Abroad in Scandinavia is based at No. 7.
Tre Hjorter )No. 10) is the former inn Tre Hjorter ("Three Deer"). Gardergården at No. 18) is another former guesthouse. It received its current name when it was rented out to the Royal Horse Guards . The complex had room for 77 and was replaced by the new Royal Horse Guards Barracks at Frederiksholms Kanal in 1792 when it had become too small. The buildings were then again used as a guesthouse until the late 19th century. Gans Christian Andersen stayed the first couple of weeks at Gardergården upon arrival to Copenhagen as 14-year-old boy
The Metropol department store (Vestergade 9/Kattesundet 3/Frederiksberggade 16) was built in 1906–08 to design by Anton Rosen. In 1924, the Jugenstil building was converted into a theatre Viggo Jacobsen and Albert Oppenheim.
The C. W Obel House at No. 2 was built as a combined inn and brewery in 1797. The property was acquired by the C.W. Obel tobacco manufacturing company in 1937. The company commissioned Frits Schlegel to design a five-storey warehouse and office building in the courtyard. The company, now the investment company of the C. W. Obel Family Foundation, is still based in the building. No. 5, which is also from the 1790s, was built for another leading tobacco manufacturer, Christian Augustinus, whouse companu was later merged with C. W. Obel.
Politikens Hus (Vestergade 28/Rådhuspladsen 37) is the headquarters of the newspaper Politiken. The building is from 1896 and was designed by Philip Smidth. The building on the opposite corner (Vestergade 37 / Rådhuspladsen 45-47 / Frederiksberggade 40 ) is the former Hotel Bristol, now also known as Absalons Gård.
Public art and memorials
On Vestergade 22 is a plaque commemorating Adam Oehlenschläger. His sister lived at the site. She was married to Hans Christian Ørsted and their home on the first floor was used as a venue for literary salons.