Puneet Varma

Vertigo ultimathule

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Kingdom  Animalia
Class  Gastropoda
Family  Vertiginidae
Rank  Species
Phylum  Mollusca
Superfamily  Pupilloidea
Subfamily  Vertigininae
Vertigo ultimathule httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Similar  Vertigo, Pupilla pratensis, Balea sarsii, Desmoulin's whorl snail, Stylommatophora

Vertigo ultimathule is a species of minute, air-breathing land snail, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod molluscs or micromollusks in the family Vertiginidae, the whorl snails.

Contents

Distribution

Distribution of Vertigo ultimathule include:

  • Finnmark County in the river valleys of the River Tana and its tributary Anarjohka, Norway
  • Pältsan, the very northernmost part of Sweden,
  • The type locality is Pältsan-area, in northernmost corner of Swedish Lapland.

    Occurrences are to be expected in other parts of Finnmark and adjacent parts of Finland and Sweden. At the present state of knowledge, Vertigo ultimathule must be considered a rare element with a very limited distribution – endemic to northernmost Norway and Sweden.

    Description

    Vertigo ultimathule is a medium-sized Vertigo, which reaches a height of 2.1–2.2 mm and a diameter of 1.3–1.4 mm, the number of whorls is 4.6–4.7. The shell is almost cylindrical, with marked convex whorls, which are separated by a marked, deep suture. The shape is not distinctly ovoid, as in some other Vertigo-species, and the last whorl does not narrow markedly at the base. In side view from left the outer margin of the last whorl forms a blunt angle close to the umbilicus. The aperture is completely toothless or with only a small, delicate, rather deeply set parietal denticle. The mouth-edge is simple and scarcely thickened. The colour of the shell is light yellow – dark yellow-brown. The surface is glossy, with marked, but irregular, rather coarse striation.

    Ecology

    The localities of Vertigo ultimathule are brook valleys or mountain slopes with mountain birch and often Salix shrubs. The pH of the ground litter was measured in two of the localities, the values obtained were 6.75 and 6.0. The Norwegian localities are situated at 180–200 m altitude; the Swedish somewhat higher, at 520–620 m altitude.

    References

    Vertigo ultimathule Wikipedia


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