Supriya Ghosh

Vernonia missurica

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Asteraceae
Genus  Vernonia
Order  Asterales
Tribe  Astereae
Rank  Species
Vernonia missurica httpsnewfss3amazonawscomtaxonimages1000s1
Similar  Vernonia gigantea, Vernonia arkansana, Vernonia baldwinii, Vernonia noveboracensis, Vernonia fasciculata

Spicebush swallowtail on ironweed vernonia missurica


Vernonia missurica, the Missouri ironweed, is a species of purple colored perennial plant from Asteraceae family that can be found growing in the central United States.

Contents

Vernonia missurica Missouri ironweed Vernonia missurica

Giant swallowtail on ironweed vernonia missurica


Plant description

Vernonia missurica Vernonia missurica Missouri ironweed Go Botany

The plant is 3–5 feet (0.91–1.52 m) high and 3–4 feet (0.91–1.22 m) wide, and in some cases the plant can exceed up to 6 feet (1.8 m). The leaves of the plant are dark green in color and alternate.

Flower description

The flowers bloom from July to August, and are magenta colored with reddish-brown bracts. Each flower is from 4-7 inches long and 1/2 inches across, with 30-60 disk florets. They have central stout stem that is covered with white hairs. The flowers grow close to each other and have rayless heads. Their stems are hairy and reddish-brown in color.

Habitat

The plant grows in river bottom woods, wet prairies, fens, and sedge meadows.

Ecology

Vernonia missurica Vernonia missurica Missouri ironweed NPIN

The plant is pollinated by various bees such as bumblebees, epeoline cuckoo, halictid bees, and miner bees. butterflies and skippers are also a frequent visitors. Some of the caterpillars feed on the plant. The most common guests are Grammia parthenice (Parthenice tiger moth), Perigea xanthioides (red groundling), and Papaipema cerussata (ironweed borer moth). Herbivorous mammals avoid the plant due to their bitter taste.

Vernonia missurica Photos and Characteristics of Vernonia missurica Missouri ironweed
Vernonia missurica Vernonia missurica

References

Vernonia missurica Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Vernonia arkansana
Vernonia gigantea
Vernonia noveboracensis
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