Sneha Girap (Editor)

Vargas (state)

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Country  Venezuela
University  Universidad Maritima del Caribe
Area  1,496 km2
Capital  La Guaira
Governor  Jorge Luis Garcia Carneiro
Population  332,900

Vargas (Spanish: , ) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. Named after Venezuelas first non-military president, Jose Maria Vargas, Vargas comprises a coastal region in the north of Venezuela, bordering Aragua to the west, Miranda to the east, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Capital District to the south. It is home to both the countrys largest seaport and airport. The state capital is La Guaira. The Litoral Varguense conurbation its the principal urban agglomeration in the state, which is part of the Greater Caracas Area.


Map of Vargas (state)

In 1999, the geographic center of Vargas state suffered major floods and landslides, known as La Tragedia de Vargas (the Vargas tragedy), causing major losses of life and property, and resulting in forced population movements, including the virtual disappearance of some small towns. Thousands died, and many more fled the area to other states.


Vargas (state) in the past, History of Vargas (state)

This region of Venezuela has undergone important changes over the years, and while the geographical borders have remained, the territorial delineation has varied. The area was previously one of the departments of the Venezuelas Federal District (the other being the Libertador department, now Libertador Municipality), and the governor of this region was chosen by the national government. The area later evolved into a municipality, but was still dependent on the governor of the Federal District. In the 1990s there were increased calls for Vargas to become a separate entity, distinct from Caracas. In 1998 the government of Rafael Caldera decreed Vargas as an independent municipality, separate from the Federal District, with the statute of Federal Territory. Shortly after it became the 23rd state of Venezuela.

Vargas (state) in the past, History of Vargas (state)

In mid-December 1999, after several days of ever-increasing rains pouring over the Central Mountain Range and the piedmont within the span of 24 hours along the coastline for about 45 km., the state suffered from massive floods which resulted in severe losses of life and property. In its wake as of December 16, the surviving population witnessed the massive destruction of most of the state infrastructure, including the collapse of most roads, bridges, housings, public and private buildings, and of basic services as electricity and communications; in which thousands were killed or missing. Official estimates some 50,000 dead or missing, but the real figure may be much higher. In the following weeks nearly the entire states population was displaced. Locals refer to the Dec. 1999 disaster as "La Tragedia de Vargas" (the Vargas Tragedy). Such climatic phenomenon (of extraordinarily high rainfall levels) appears to be periodical, having a cycle of about 70 years, and probably has occurred hundreds, perhaps thousands of times since a distant past.


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