Varamin (Persian: ورامين, also Romanized as Varāmīn and Verāmin; anciently known as Varna and Varena) is a city in and the capital of Varamin County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 218,991, and at the 2006 census, its population was 208,569, in 53,639 families.
Varamin is believed to be the ancient city of Varena, which is mentioned in Avesta.
The four-cornered citadel near the city is known as Citadel of Īraj by locals, Īraj was son of Thraetaona and that improves the city's relation to the ancient Varena.
Varamin has an extensive history. The raiding of Ray, by the invading Mongols and Timurids, generated a flux of migrations to this area.
Included amongst the significant antiquities of Varamin are the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Yahya built in the 14th century, and the Jameh Mosque of Varamin, from the era of the Ilkhanid Abu Saeed.Photographs of monuments in a near Varāmin (these photographs are available on flickr):
— Part of the exterior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin
— The interior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin
: (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6).
Hill (Tappe-ye Mil
) near Varāmin: (1), (2).
— The exterior of the Shah-Abbasi Caravanserai
, South on Varāmin: (1)-(5).
— The interiour of the Shah-Abbasi Caravanserai
— Views of a traditional abandoned house in Varāmin: (1), (2), (3), (4).
Varamin Sugar Refinery Factory was built in 1934–1935 by Nikolai Markov and is the very first sugar refinery factory in Iran and Middle East. In recent years its produce has been reduced because of shortage in ingredients.
Varamin Oil-extracting factory was built in 1938–1939 and is the first producer of vegetable oil in Iran.For more information see:
Carpets and rugs of Varamin are among most famous carpets in the world. Many rug and carpet experts see Varamins as purer Persian carpets. They have geometric patterns with repeated medallions, especially on runners. They are made by tribal people who either live in or pass by Varamin.
Islamic Azad University Varamin-Pishva Branch was established in 1985. This branch has more than 86 different majors and capacity of 15000 students.