|Location Claverack, NY|
NRHP Reference # 97001615
Architectural style American Colonial
Added to NRHP 7 January 1998
Area 5,300 m²
MPS Columbia County, New York
Nearest city Hudson
The Van Rensselaer Lower Manor is located along the NY 23 state highway on the east side of Claverack, New York, United States. It is a combination of two 18th-century houses, one stone and the other frame, later connected with a hyphen and then combined into one building and sided in wood. One local historian called the result a "growth" that no longer had any architectural merit. It retains much of its original interior layout, finishes and fenestration.
One of the houses was among the earliest built in the region. The structure continued to be expanded. As its name suggests it was used by the Van Rensselaer family to maintain a presence on the southern boundary of their family lands during the colonial era. In 1998 it and an associated barn were listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The 1.3-acre (0.53 ha) lot on which the house is located is on the north side of Route 23 0.8 miles (1.3 km) east of its junction with routes 9H and 23B at the center of Claverack. The land slopes up gently to the house from the south and more steeply from the west. There is a barn to the north and a greenhouse/shop to the southeast. An unpaved driveway runs along the east side, between the house and a low retaining wall, to the barn.
The house itself is a two-story building, five bays wide by six deep. Its front section has a metal roof that slopes up from a full-width front porch over the course of the two southernmost side bays to a crest pierced by a brick chimney, then drops slightly to remain flat all the way to the rear, where another chimney rises. It is sided in white clapboard save a small portion on the rear of the first story where the original stonework is visible. The front section has a cellar, accessible from the west side.
A one-story modern kitchen wing has been built on the west side near the south end. All windows have louvered shutters. Small vents are located above the second story windows. In the middle of the east facade on the first story an entrance is sheltered by a hipped-roofed porch supported by chamfered posts.
From the paneled double door on the centrally located main entrance under the front porch, there is a small vestibule that opens into two parlors on either side. Both have a large fireplace and original mantel. A finely molded chair rail runs around both rooms. In the kitchen wing there is some exposed brick from the original construction.
The main entrance of the connector section, at the east porch, has sidelights. It opens onto a hallway that leads from the front to the rear of the house. An old doorway (now closed) between the hyphen and the original house in the rear has an old board-and-batten door with a carved Greek key lintel. The oldest rooms here have the original hearth and bake oven. An iron kettle with firebox is built into the chimney. The north room appears to have been used as a smokechamber due to its smudged plaster.
The barn, considered a contributing resource to the National Register listing. is located just to the north of the house. It is a frame structure, now secured with vertical wood strips, with metal roof built into the western slope. It has a newer one-story shed-roofed addition. There is a root cellar on the southwest corner. The greenhouse and flower shop, operated by the owners of the house, is close to Route 23 at the southeast corner of the lot. As it is of modern construction it is not considered contributing.
A late 19th-century account dated the construction of the first house on the site to 1685, when the English granted full manorial rights to the van Rensselaer family, rights they had originally exercised as patroons under Dutch colonial rule. Later research suggests that date is thirty years too early and that the original house, whose stones still show at the rear, was built in 1715 by Samuel ten Broeck and his wife Catherine van Rensselaer, whose father had inherited the Claverack portion of the manor. It was used to collect rents and manage other tenant affairs. The family divided their time between Claverack and Albany.
The family remained resident there for the rest of the century. Sometime after the Revolution, as the semi-feudal land ownership arrangements left over from the colonial era were giving way to relationships more compatible with democracy, it became the residence of members of another locally prominent family, the Mesicks. The patroonship abolished, they lived there as leaseholders until apparently purchasing the property in the 1810s. A Mesick descendant still owns the house.
In 1790 a frame house was built in the front. Its steeply pitched roof still survives as the front facade. It is very similar to Flemish-style houses built further south in New York and New Jersey, lacking only the flaring of the roof over the porch. Around that time a hyphen was built to connect the two.
The barn was built around 1825. In the early 20th century expansions to both the hyphen and the older house created the second story and put the house into its present form. As a result, one contemporary local historian disparaged the house as a "growth", with no remaining architectural unity.